News and Views [ July 2001 ]

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Tuesday, 31 July, 2001: The Russian company Aviastar-SP is negotiating the sale of Tupolev-204 planes to the Libyan Arab Airlines. The airline's delegation has visited the company to discuss the proposal. The delegation was led by commercial director AbdulWahab [Abdulrahim] and accompanied by Ibrahim Kamel, the president of the Egyptian company Kato Aromatic which represents Aviastar-SP abroad through its subsidiary Sirokko Aerospace. [Itar-Tass]
Tuesday, 31 July, 2001: Sudan plans a sugar plantation and refinery to produce 300,000 tonnes annually, Industry and Investment Minister Jalal al-Dagir said in remarks published in Al-Ayam newspaper on Monday. The joint-venture is expected to cost $325m. The minister said the project involved several countries and organisations, including Sudan, Egypt, Libya, South Africa and the Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development. [Reuters]
Monday, 30 July, 2001: Libya on Saturday condemned the five-year renewal of sanctions on foreign companies investing in its oil and gas sectors, which was passed by the US congress last week. "We condemn this surprising decision that we categorically reject," Hassuna el-Shaush, an official with the foreign ministry, told AFP. He blamed the US decision on the influence of the "Zionist lobby, which tries to put obstacles in the way of relations between the US and other countries." "Zionist propaganda has clouded the minds of members of Congress," he said. [AFP]

Sunday, 29 July, 2001: Libya managed a two-goal first-half lead Friday, but Zambia struck back with four unanswered goals in the second half as the visitors won 4-2 in a meaningless African World Cup qualifying match. Rather than it's first team, Libya fielded its Olympic team at the Athletic City Stadium. Libya finished it's World Cup qualifying campaign in last place in Group A with just two points from eight matches. Zambia will likely finish in third place. [AP]
Sunday, 29 July, 2001: Libya will soon be the African gateway for Proton cars, Malaysia's Deputy Foreign Minister said yesterday. He said Malaysia and Libya had agreed on the matter as part of efforts to strengthen bilateral trade relations between the two countries. "Proton is ready to enter the African market through Libya," he told reporters after receiving a courtesy call from Libya's Secretary for Cooperation Affairs Saad Mujber. He said Saad Mujber had met with Proton representatives during his four-day visit to Malaysia which began on July 26. [The Star]
Saturday, 28 July, 2001: The U.S. Congress sent legislation to President Bush Friday that would extend sanctions for five years against foreign firms that do business with Iran and Libya. The Senate and House of Representatives passed slightly different versions of the legislation earlier this week by lopsided margins, and the Senate then decided to give Bush the House bill to sign. The House version lets the president report to Congress after two years on the success of the sanctions, but drops a proposed provision that would have allowed possible termination of the ban after just 18 months. Many U.S. allies with companies that do energy business oppose the sanctions, and no company has faced sanctions since the law took effect. [AP / Reuters]
Friday, 27 July, 2001: Apartheid spy Wouter Basson on Thursday testified in his murder and fraud trial that he had used money from Libya to buy a zoo in Cape Town to test whether animal hormones could be used to control crowds. "Research was done on pheromones for crowd control," the former military officer and heart surgeon told the Pretoria High Court. "It was about, for example, how pheromones could be used to make a crowd nervous and therefore controllable, or on the other hand to make a crowd feel warm and calm. "This type of research could not be done on tame animals ... we would have to get control of a number of (wild) animals." [AFP]
Friday, 27 July, 2001: The US House of Representatives on Thursday joined the Senate in overwhelmingly backing a five-year extension of sanctions against Iran and Libya, designed to curb foreign investment in their oil and gas sectors. The measure, approved 409-6, gives the president the authority to assess penalties on any foreign firm that invests more than $20 million in the energy sectors of either country. President Bush had sought a shorter, two-year extension of the act to give him more flexibility in dealing with Iran and Libya, but supporters of the bill argued the shorter extension would send the wrong message. [Reuters]
Thursday, 26 July, 2001: The US Senate on Wednesday extended sanctions against Iran and Libya for another five years, banning foreign interests from significantly investing in the two countries' oil and gas sectors. The Senate voted 96 to 2 to extend the 1996 Iran-Libya Sanctions Act, acting against President George W. Bush's administration which had pushed for only a two-year period renewal. It does, however, include compromise language that calls on Congress to re-evaluate the sanctions regime within 18 months time. [AFP]
Thursday, 26 July, 2001: An Egyptian-Libyan peace bid for Sudan is weak because it ignores self-determination for the south as well as ties between state and religion, an official for the Khartoum-appointed administration in the south said Wednesday. "I strongly feel that any initiative aimed at resolving the Sudanese issue cannot succeed fully if the problem of the south is not addressed," Vice-Chairman of the South Sudan Coordination Council (SSCC) Theophilus Ochang was quoted as saying by the independent Khartoum Monitor newspaper. [AFP]

Wednesday, 25 July, 2001: Alleged apartheid assassin Wouter Basson on Tuesday told Pretoria's High Court he used the Cayman Islands to launder payments to foreign dealers who supplied South Africa's white regime with equipment for its secret chemical warfare programme. Basson, nicknamed "Dr Death", testified that he set up a group of companies in the islands specifically to channel money to companies in Libya, the Soviet Union and East Germany. [AFP]
Wednesday, 25 July, 2001: Energy ministers from five Arab countries and Turkey agreed to include Libya in their regional power grid. "We expect Libya to join us in our next ministerial meeting in Ankara next year ..," said Lebanon's Energy and Water Minister. The power project is commonly known as EIJLST (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey). [Daily Star]
Tuesday, 24 July, 2001: Libyan leader Col. Muammar al-Qadhafi will donate $ 1.5 million to renovate Toro kingdom Karuzika palace in Fort Portal, Uganda. Qadhafi offered to renovate the palace, which was destroyed during the 1979 liberation war, while presiding over the 6th coronation for Toro's child king, nine-year-old Oyo Nyimba, last Sunday. [The Monitor]
Monday, 23 July, 2001: Libya on Sunday applauded the world's most powerful nations for plans at their Group of Eight (G8) summit in Italy to strengthen ties with Africa and singled out Europe especially for praise. "Europeans have begun to realise the possibility of co-operating with the African body," said a spokesperson for the ministry of African unity. The G8 - Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia and the US - declared that it would appoint personal representatives to consult with African leaders in drawing up a plan for bolstering relations with Africa. The plan is to be approved at the June 2002 G8 summit in Canada, the group said. [AFP]
Sunday, 22 July, 2001: In a split with key allies, the Bush administration has decided to oppose a draft agreement to enforce a 26-year-old germ weapons treaty. The treaty, ratified by 143 nations, prohibits the development, production and possession of biological weapons. With its decision, the U.S. joins China, Libya, Cuba, Iran and Pakistan in voicing opposition to the rules. [AP]

Saturday, 21 July, 2001: Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe last week managed to extract US$900000 for his re-election campaign next year from Libyan leader, Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, it emerged yesterday. Zanu PF sources said Qadhafi made the financial advance to the ruling party after a request by Mugabe. "He wants our party to win the election. We are expecting the money anytime now," a senior party source said. [Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 21 July, 2001: Libya has sent urgent humanitarian aids at a cost of US$500000 to the Afghani refugees in Beshawar and Qindahar. An official source at "Al-Qadhafi's foundation for charity works" patroned by the son of the Libyan President Seif al-Islam said that the foundation will provide these aids in collaboration with the UNHCR. He explained that these aids which went for 30,000 Afghani refugees included large amounts of garments and medicines. [Arabic News]
Friday, 20 July, 2001: Libya's Electricity Company will spend 900 million dollars on constructing 11 water desalination plants, which will have a total processing capacity of 700,000 cubic meters per day in the coming 10 years. Underground water accounts for 95 percent of water supply in Libya, which only has 100 millimeters of rainfall on 6 percent of its territories every year. [Xinhua]
Friday, 20 July, 2001: Unless wars in Africa stop immediately, the African Union will not effectively unite the continent, Swaziland foreign affairs minister Mdluli told the Parliament this week. Mdluli said Libya and many Muslim countries in Africa were wealthy and could easily engulf the whole continent and render it "fodder for Arab domination". "If Qadhafi wants to convert the whole continent to Islam, with his wealth, who can stop him?" he said. [All Africa]
Thursday, 19 July, 2001: A U.S. Senate panel on Wednesday endorsed a five-year extension of sanctions against Iran and Libya. The Senate Banking Committee voted 20-1 to extend penalties on any foreign company that invests more than $20 million in the energy industry of either country. President Bush had sought a shorter, two-year extension of the act to give him more flexibility in dealing with the countries through the end of his term. [Reuters]
Thursday, 19 July, 2001: Visiting Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi announced Wednesday his intention of creating a fund for the rehabilitation of southern Sudan. During a meeting with Sudanese officials in Khartoum, Qadhafi pledged Libya would be the first contributor to the fund and said he would urge other African countries to contribute. [AFP]

Wednesday, 18 July, 2001: A five-year extension of sanctions against Iran and Libya was temporarily derailed in the U.S. House on Tuesday by a provision to allow the sanctions to be ended at virtually any time. The measure was slated for a vote early Tuesday afternoon, but discussion of that provision lasted into the evening, leaving the outcome uncertain. [AP]
Wednesday, 18 July, 2001: Libya on Monday handed over a donation of 1,000 mt of food to Kenya for distribution in the country's drought-hit areas, AFP reported. It was "in the spirit of brotherhood that the president and the people of Libya have come to the aid of a fellow African country to cement new-found African unity and prosperity," it quoted Libyan Charge d'Affaires Maulood Jezeibi as saying at the handover ceremony in Mombasa. [UNIRIN]
Tuesday, 17 July, 2001: Relatives of Pan Am 103 victims expressed outrage Monday over a potential change in sanctions against Libya that would make them easier to lift long before a five-year extension runs out, a provision the Bush administration supports. The U.S. House was to vote Tuesday on extending the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act. However, Republican congressional leaders were still working late Monday to determine exactly what the specifics would be. Different versions were approved by the International Relations Committee and Ways and Means Committee. Both versions of the bill would extend the sanctions for five years, giving the president the ability to waive them sooner. "The State Department is on record that they want the sanctions to end after two years," noted Christen Tinsworth, a committee spokeswoman. [AP]
Monday, 16 July, 2001: "Uganda is beautiful. I love this country," Libyan leader, Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, exclaimed yesterday on arrival at Entebbe Airport in a convoy of aeroplanes including MI 24 combat helicopters doing security maneouvres over the Entebbe peninsula and Lake Victoria. Qadhafi will attend celebrations to mark the sixth Empango, the coronation anniversary of Toro's child-king Oyo Nyimba. Before his aircraft landed, two Soviet-built Illyushins and an airbus had landed. Before them, two other large Soviet-built cargo planes had ferried in more security personnel, vehicles and other logistics. [New Vision]
Monday, 16 July, 2001: Tunisia became the third African nation to qualify for the 2002 World Cup, beating Congo 3-0 Sunday to join Cameroon and South Africa in the 32-nation field. In other games Sunday, Togo defeated Libya 2-0 in Group A and Ghana beat Sudan 1-0 in Group C. Six slots have been filled for next year's tournament in Japan and South Korea, with the three African qualifiers joining defending champion France and the co-hosts, who all have automatic berths. [AP]
Monday, 16 July, 2001: Iranian Ambassador Menhaj and Libyan Foreign Minister Abelrahman Shalgam discussed issues of mutual interest in Tripoli on Saturday. They referred to the common views of Iran and Libya on issues related to oil, Middle East peace, the Organization of Islamic Conference and Non-Aligned Movement. They also explored ways of closer bilateral ties. [IRNA]
Monday, 16 July, 2001: Arab Insurance Group (ARIG) said on Sunday it had sold part of its stake in the Arab Lebanon Insurance Group (ALIG) to a group of Gulf-based investors. ARIG, the Arab world's largest reinsurance firm, gave no details on the value of the deal. Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and Libya each hold a 16.3 percent stake in ARIG. [Reuters]

Sunday, 15 July, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi arrived in Uganda on Saturday, with three planes and 250-strong entourage, for an official visit that will include attending a ceremony for a 9-year-old tribal monarch. Dozens of cars with Libyan license plates were ferried into Uganda ahead of the three-day visit. "This is a circus. These people are behaving as if they were in Libya," grumbled an army major in Museveni's security detail. The two leaders immediately began the 200-mile drive to Fort Portal, where King Oyo Nyimba, a primary school student, would celebrate the sixth anniversary of his becoming leader of the Toro people. Oyo appointed Qadhafi to be one of his "royal advisers." [AP]
Sunday, 15 July, 2001: Philippine travel authorities Saturday placed three airports in the southern island of Mindanao on alert following reports that Abu Sabaya, spokesman for the notorious Abu Sayyaf group, planned to slip out of the country. Earlier reports said Abu Sabaya wanted to seek asylum in Libya. [Xinhua]
Saturday, 14 July, 2001: Libya's Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi backed up Zimbabwean leader Robert Mugabe's land-grab policy Friday, saying white-owned farms should be seized without compensation and Britain made to pay blacks for land annexed by its colonialists. Qadhafi was quoted as telling black farmers that not a cent should be paid to whites whose farms have been confiscated. The farmers, in Mvurwi, are among those who have been resettled on white land seized under the scheme, which has been wracked by violence since it began last year, when militant Mugabe supporters began a bloody campaign of farm invasions. [AFP]
Saturday, 14 July, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi is expected to hold talks with Zimbabwe President Mugabe which could lead to Libya helping to ease Zimbabwe's long-running fuel crisis. "Once we conclude these talks we will know what to expect from Libya," Mugabe was quoted as saying. Last year Libya gave Zimbabwe a $100 million financial package to ease a fuel shortage which has gripped the country since December 1999. [Reuters]
Friday, 13 July, 2001: In the middle of a passionate speech emphasising the need for Africa to liberate itself from dominance of developed Western countries and search for peace, Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi was cut short by an electricity power cut which left the Mulungushi Conference Hall in Lusaka in darkness. Qadhafi was addressing the closing session of the 37th Organisation of African Unity (OAU) Heads of States Summit when a sudden blackout rendered him silent and made his security men nervous, hurriedly surrounding him and advising him to cut short his speech. The Libyan leader, who is known for his extra long speeches, wound up quickly after power was restored about five minutes later. [Africa News]
Friday, 13 July, 2001: Scotland's prison service is under fire again after reports that an ophthalmologist is the latest aide to be flown to the Netherlands to attend to the convicted Lockerbie bomber. [Libyan national] Abdel-Basset al-Megrahi is being held at a special Scottish prison at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands, pending his appeal. The Scottish edition of the Daily Express said on Thursday that Dr Alisdair Fern, an eye surgeon from Lanarkshire near Glasgow, was flown in at public expense after Megrahi complained about his eyesight. After a 15 minute consultation Fern issued him with a new set of lenses for his glasses, the paper said. Politicians and the Scottish media have accused prison chiefs of wasting taxpayers' money. [Reuters]
Friday, 13 July, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi arrived to cheering crowds in Zimbabwe's capital Harare on Thursday after driving 330 miles from neighboring Zambia in an 80-car motorcade with his female bodyguards. Flanked by two armored cars and helicopters flying overhead, the motorcade passed by thousands of people lining the road to President Robert Mugabe's office in central Harare. Libyan officials have said the 59-year-old leader will speak about land reform during his visit to Harare. [Reuters]
Friday, 13 July, 2001: The Uganda People's Congress youth league, is uncomfortable about the frequent visits of Libyan leader, Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi to Uganda. The group's chairman, Kyeyune Senyonjo and secretary-general Jude Maginot, in a press statement issued after a brief demonstration against Qadhafi, said they were uneasy and suspicious about his "incessant" visits to Uganda. Qadhafi is expected in Uganda today as guest of the Toro Kingdom. Senyonjo and Maginot said Qadhafi had a reputation of abating instability in Uganda. "The UPC Youth League calls upon all right thinking Ugandans to greet Qadhafi's visits with the contempt they deserve," they added. [New Vision]
Thursday, 12 July, 2001: Forty-one African leaders wrapped up a historic summit in Lusaka, Zambia, Wednesday with the adoption of a major development plan that is expected to help lift the continent out of its chronic economic woes under the newly created African Union (AU). The summit ended with Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi proposing that the AU be headed by a chairman sitting in a permanent headquarters. Qadhafi, who critics say wants to turn the AU into a personal empire, also said that when Africa becomes a "superpower" it will help improve the situation of blacks in the U.S. and that "Africa will get a permanent seat at the UN". [AFP]
Wednesday, 11 July, 2001: African leaders have been meeting behind closed doors to chart the future of a new pan-African body to replace the Organisation of African Unity. After hours of haggling, the leaders early on Tuesday elected Amara Essy as interim secretary-general of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) after several rounds of voting. Essy will play a crucial part in the OAU's transition into the African Union (AU), an organisation modelled on the European Union. Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi was warmly acknowledged at the summit as the main architect of the African Union project. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 11 July, 2001: India's Prime Minister Atal Vajpayee on Tuesday sent minister of state for commerce and industry Omar Abdullah as his special emissary to Libya, informed sources said. Omar is carrying a letter from Vajpayee to Libyan president Qadhafi. The sources said the letter was intended to make the Indian position on the Kashmir issue clear to Libya, a member of Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC). Libya had been vocal about Kashmir and made attempts to rake up the issue at the just concluded OIC meeting in Mali. [Times Of India]

Tuesday, 10 July, 2001: African heads of state opened an historic summit on Monday that will launch a potentially powerful new bloc to spearhead the continent's economic development and integration. But U.N. chief Kofi Annan warned the gathering that the AIDS epidemic affecting millions of African threatened to undermine the continent's growth. The summit in the Zambian capital Lusaka will end with the formal adoption of the treaty of the new African Union (AU) to replace the Organization of African Unity. Earlier, Annan hailed Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi who has vigorously promoted the idea of a United States of Africa. The AU charter was launched in Sirte, Libya, on September 9, 1999. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 10 July, 2001: Namibia's Foreign Minister Theo-Ben Gurirab's hopes of becoming the Organisation of African Unity's Secretary-General have been hit by a Libyan campaign to have incumbent Salim Ahmed Salim stay on in the post. Libya has reportedly been manoeuvring to have Gurirab's candidature blocked. Agence France Press quoted summit sources as saying Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, the main architect of the new African Union, wanted the outgoing OAU chief to remain in post. [The Namibian]
Tuesday, 10 July, 2001: The hopes of over two hundred Ghanaians who lost close to one million dollars at the Ghana Mission in Tripoli, Libya two years ago, crashed last week when it became evident that government cannot accept responsibility for the stolen monies. According to officials of the Consular section at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the various sums of money allegedly kept by the mission were actually kept by the officials concerned in their private capacities. The Libyan government has not submitted a report about the theft to Ghana and this has also made it difficult for go ernment to establish those responsible for the theft, even though the Libyan authorities assert that the Ghanaian staff of the mission is behind the theft. [Ghanaian Chronicle]
Monday, 9 July, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said on Sunday that the United States is behind recent clashes in Nigeria, Chechnya and elsewhere involving Muslims. "Beware of the Americans, do not allow them any influence in your countries," Qadhafi said in an address to Muslims in Lusaka on the eve of a pan-African summit. "The Americans are infiltrating everywhere, using their intelligence agencies. See the Muslims fighting in Nigeria: it is the work of the Americans," he said. Qadhafi also blamed fighting in Chechnya and in Yugoslavia on the Americans, adding that Russia itself remained a target of the U.S. [Reuters]
Monday, 9 July, 2001: Libyan dictator Colonel Qadhafi's stepmother is in a private hospital in Britain after a heart bypass. Anisa Qadhafi is the second wife of Qadhafi's father. She is expected to recuperate there for another 10 days. Anisa Qadhafi, who is in her seventies, had the 12,000 operation at a hospital in Cheadle, Manchester. Mike Fletcher, father of Yvonne Fletcher, who was shot dead outside the Libyan Embassy in 1984, was reported as saying he was unhappy that a relative of Qadhafi should be treated in Britain. Two of the dictator's sons are known to spend a lot of time in the north-west of England, where one plays non-league football. [Sky News]
Sunday, 8 July, 2001: In Malta, a Libyan woman found Guilty of importing heroin was yesterday fined Lm30,000 and sentenced to a 14-year prison term. Fatma Milad Tawerghi, 54, of Tripoli, was found guilty of knowingly importing 367 grams of 65 per cent pure heroin. The accused was found with the drugs taped to her underclothes upon her arrival in Malta on board a Libyan Arab Airline on 10 September 2000. After the Guilty verdict was read out, Tawerghi was escorted out of the court and she started screaming and fainted. The sentencing had to be postponed as the accused had to be rushed to hospital. [The Malta Independent]
Sunday, 8 July, 2001: The 74th Session of the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) opened in Lusaka Thursday to draw up an agenda for the OAU summit next week. Forty-two African countries have so far confirmed their participation in the summit in the Zambian capital from July 9 to 11, when the OAU will be transformed into the long dreamed African Union. Ali Trekei, chairman of the OAU's 73rd Council of Ministers and Libya's minister of African Union, has been replaced by Zambian Foreign Minister Keli Walubita. [Xinhua]

Saturday, 7 July, 2001: Canada sought the approval and received no objections from the U.S. to grant formal diplomatic recognition to Libya and North Korea, which are regarded by Washington as pariah states, says Paul Cellucci, the new U.S. ambassador. Although Washington has deep concerns about the involvement of Libya and North Korea in promoting terrorism and seeking weapons of mass destruction, Mr. Cellucci said there are strategic benefits to having U.S. allies establish diplomatic relations with these rogue regimes. Canada can not only pick up valuable intelligence for the Western alliance but it can also act as an important intermediary in helping to solve disputes between the U.S. and the maverick countries, he suggested. [National Post]
Saturday, 7 July, 2001: The Libyan leader, Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, is expected to be special guest at this year's coronation celebrations (Empango) in [the African] Toro Kingdom. Qadhafi was recently named the kingdom's crown defender. The annual celebrations normally held in September, are likely to be brought forward to mid-July, the acting omuhikirwa of the kingdom, Stephen Rwakijuma, said. [New Vision]

Friday, 6 July, 2001: Some members of the U.S. Congress, while supporting multilateral economic sanctions, say slapping unilateral sanctions on countries has gotten out of hand, especially since these punishments often wind up hurting U.S. farmers and manufacturers while failing to change a foreign country's behavior. "Almost all sanctions are ineffective," said Sen. Richard Lugar. Sen. Pat Roberts likened them to "a modern-day gunboat diplomacy" without guns or boats. "We don't like what you're doing, so we're going to put on a trade sanction or an embargo." But some lawmakers defend them with vigor, demonstrated by overwhelming votes last month by a House committee to renew sanctions against Iran and Libya for five more years. [AP]

Thursday, 5 July, 2001: Scottish Justice Minister Jim Wallace has demanded an explanation after a prison officer was flown to the Netherlands to cut the Lockerbie bomber's hair. Mr Wallace has questioned whether flying the female officer to Camp Zeist to cut the hair of Abdelbaset al-Megrahi was the "best use of resources". The Scottish Prison Service (SPS) has defended the move saying it was based on security considerations. The SPS said the female officer travelled to Camp Zeist on Monday after [Libyan prisoner] al-Megrahi asked for a haircut. [BBC]
Thursday, 5 July, 2001: In the OAU's financial report, Secretary-General Salim Ahmed Salim predicted a gloomy financial outlook for the Pan-African organisation, adding that unless a critical financial redress to the OAU is salvaged, the budgetary forecast for the proposed African Union, looked very bleak. The total amount of the outstanding arrears recorded in June 2000 was $47,547,870. Libya bailed out 10 countries with 10 years in arrears on condition that they ratified the concept of the African Union initiated by Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. [SAPA]
Thursday, 5 July, 2001: President of Burkina Faso Blaise Compaore, member of the Presidential Council of the Community of the Sahel and Sahara states, and the accompanying delegation left Sirte International Airport this morning at the end of a visit to Libya. [HOL]
Thursday, 5 July, 2001: The Sudanese government has accepted a Libyan-Egyptian peace initiative which aims to end a civil war which has wracked Sudan for 18 years, claiming nearly two million lives. The plan proposes the formation of an interim government representing all political forces, the foreign minister said on Wednesday. "We request the Libyans and Egyptians to take the necessary measures for the implementation of the articles in the initiative," He said. [Reuters]

Wednesday, 4 July, 2001: The son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said on Tuesday it was too early to say how Libya's ties with the new U.S. administration under President Bush will develop. Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi told a news conference: "We still don't know what our relations with the Bush administration are going to be. "Personally I believe that Libya now is on the way to opening its relations with the international community," he said. Al-Saadi refused to be drawn into saying whether he was being groomed to succeed his father, saying it was too early to be discussing the issue. "I don't know why there are so many questions about the succession issue," he said. "It's not the time for such a question, it's too early,'' said Al-Saadi, president of Libya's soccer federation, who arrived in Japan on June 28 at the invitation of Japan's Foreign Ministry and its soccer association and is scheduled to depart Tokyo on Wednesday. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 4 July, 2001: Libyan President Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi on Sunday received a message from the Tunisian President Zein al-Abidin Bin Ali in which Bin Ali exprssed deep satisfaction over the positive results concluded from his recent visit to Libya in deepening bilateral relations between the two states and stressing boosting activities of the Arab Maghreb federation. In his message, Bin Ali underlined the importance of strengthening the role played by the African federation and re-building its institutions to meet the ambitions of the two countries to solidarity and integration at the Arab and African levels. [Arabic News]
Tuesday, 3 July, 2001: OPEC on Monday prepared to keep oil supply limits unchanged in the shadow of a global economic downturn that is eating into demand for its petroleum. Ministers from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, meeting on Tuesday, said they saw no need to lift output despite the prospect that U.N.-supervised Iraqi exports could remain on hold. "This is a straightforward meeting. There is no need to increase production,'' said Libya's OPEC representative Ahmed Abdulkarim. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 3 July, 2001: The son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi on Monday requested Japanese assistance in industrial development in the country as it tries to recover from 1992-1999 U.N. economic sanctions. Saadi al-Qadhafi, 28, said in a lecture delivered in Tokyo, "We hope to develop industries such as those relating to petroleum and steel collaborating with Japanese companies." A top soccer player who serves as head of the Libyan soccer federation, Saadi arrived in Japan on Thursday for a weeklong visit at the invitation of the Japan Football Association. [Kyodo News]
Tuesday, 3 July, 2001: The Nigerian government is using all diplomatic channels to plead for clemency for four Nigerians sentenced to death in Libya, the News Agency of Nigeria reported Tuesday. "We are using all approved diplomatic channels to appeal for clemency, and we are hopeful that our plea will receive sympathetic ears, in view of the excellent relationship between our two countries," the agency quoted a statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as saying. Seven persons, including the concerned four Nigerians, two Libyans and one Ghanaian, were sentenced to death by a Libyan court in May for their involvement in last September's deadly clashes between African immigrants and Libyans, said the statement. [Xinhua]
Monday, 2 July, 2001: The head of the CIA, George Tenet, has told a congressional committee that several countries are developing military programmes which could cripple civil and defence computer networks in the United States. He said the CIA had identified several countries that included information warfare as part of their military doctrines and it had discovered at least one instance where American computerised information systems were being actively targeted. He gave no further details, but said there was reason to be concerned about technological development in Iran, Iraq and Libya. [BBC]
Sunday, 1 July, 2001: The Japanese government is hosting a high-level Libyan delegation for a week. Colonel Qadhafi's son Al-Sa'edy heads the delegation, a press release issued by the delegation's media advisor and received yesterday said. The visit came about as a result of an invitation extended to Al-Sa'edy al-Qadhafi in his role as president of the Libyan football union. Chikahito Harada of the foreign affairs ministry, speaking last Friday, said that Japan is putting high efforts to improve its relations with Libya. On June 22, the Japanese newspaper "Sankeh Shimpone" quoted Akira Misojutchi of Japan's Middle East Academy saying Al-Sa'edy has the full trust of his father, and that Japan hoped the visit will prove fruitful. The newspaper also referred to the former Foreign Minister Kakizawa saying "I am trying to make use of Al-Sa'edy's visit who is considered the best candidate to succeed his father and to widen our political relations and improve political and economic exchanges with Libya".
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