News and Views [ August 2001 ]

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Friday, 31 August, 2001: About a hundred young women, mostly Senegalese and claiming to be fashion models, were prevented, Wednesday, from boarding an official Libyan plane at Dakar's airport, heading for the Libyan capital, Tripoli. According to the women, they were invited to take part in celebrations marking the anniversary of Colonel Qadhafi's September 1st revolution. While some said they were contaced by a Dakar-based modelling agency, others were recruited directly on the streets of Dakar. All were promised good pay for five days' modelling. [All Africa]

The Libyan Human Rights Commission : Press Release

Thursday, 30 August, 2001: The authorities in Senegal have stopped 50 young women, many of them models, from traveling to Libya for a cultural show. The women were stopped from boarding a Libyan plane sent to take them to Tripoli. A BBC correspondent in Dakar says the women work for a well known Senegalese fashion designer. The Senegalese minister of foreign affairs, Cheikh Gadio, said he found it unfriendly and unacceptable for Libya to invite such young women without an official request. Libya says it contacted the minister of culture but had no response. [BBC]
Thursday, 30 August, 2001: When the Bush administration launched a campaign to remove language it believes could support abortion counseling for teens from the draft document for an upcoming U.N. children's summit, its efforts seemed aimed at Latin America. But so far, most of the support Washington has received has come from mostly Muslim nations including Sudan, Libya, Iran and Algeria. Little attention was initially paid to the three references to "reproductive health services" in the draft of a document to be adopted at the Sept. 19-21 conference until a senior Canadian negotiator told delegates last June that the term includes abortion. [AP]
Wednesday, 29 August, 2001: U.S. and British lawyers who have represented former White House intern Monica Lewinsky, Panamanian General Noriega and Chilean General Pinochet will file an appeal in October on behalf of the Libyan convicted of murder in the [Lockerbie bombing], one of the lawyers says. Miami attorney Frank Rubino said he and the other lawyers would file the appeal on October 15 at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands on behalf of Abdel-Basset al-Megrahi. Rubino, who represented Noriega at his trial in Miami on drug-trafficking charges, said the other lawyers handling the appeal included Plato Cacheris. Cacheris represented Monica Lewinsky during the scandal over former U.S. President Clinton's relations with the ex-intern. Also on the team are two British Queen's Counsels, Michael Mansfield and Clive Nichols, who represented Pinochet during unsuccessful attempts to extradite him from Britain to Spain. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 29 August, 2001: Uganda's Ziper models will stage a fashion show featuring Uganda's culture in Tripoli, Libya, this week. Sylvia Owori, the Ziper Models Director, said they were invited by Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. Awori said she has a crew of over 30 girls who will model the collection she designed for M-Net's face of Africa. [New Vision]
Tuesday, 28 August, 2001: Secretary of the Libyan People’s Committee for African Unity, Ali al-Turayki, received an invitation message yesterday from Kuwait’s Minister of State of Foreign Affairs, Sheikh Mohammad al-Sabah, to visit Kuwait. The message was delivered by Kuwait’s charge d’affaires in Tripoli Fahad al-Dhefeeri during a meeting with al-Turayki. al-Dhefeeri said he and al-Turayki discussed means of cementing bilateral cooperation. [KUNA]

Monday, 27 August, 2001: Guests at the opulent Rome Hilton were staggered last week to see [colonel Qadhafi's] fourth son, Muatassim - better known as Hannibal - at the centre of a brawl in which he ended up firing the contents of a fire extinguisher over the Italian police. His antics came after his elder brother, Saadi had caused upset and not inconsiderable damage on Sardinia's glittering Costa Smeralda. "They've made a mockery of the revolution," said one academic. "If a coup d'état can't bring Qadhafi down, his children will. Why should we tighten our belts as they squander the oil money?" It was last Tuesday evening that Hannibal, a notorious womaniser, embarked on the latest family misadventure. Setting out into the centre of Rome with two bodyguards, he became drunk and aggressive in nightclubs around the Via Veneto. On returning to the Hilton, a fight broke out between Hannibal and an Italian policeman who had been shadowing his group. It quickly degenerated into a brawl as two more policemen arrived and Hannibal's bodyguards joined in. Qadhafi's son allegedly tried to settle matters by squirting the fire extinguisher at the police; after the fracas, all three Italians and one bodyguard were treated for cuts and bruises. [The Sunday Times]
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Sunday, 26 August, 2001: A retired US spy satellite operator and Gulf War veteran was charged Friday with conspiracy to commit espionage in the latest US security breakdown. No one was immediately available at the FBI Saturday to comment on newspaper reports saying investigators believe Libya was the intended beneficiary of his spying activities. Brian Regan, 38, was arrested late Thursday by the FBI at Dulles International Airport as he was about to board a Lufthansa flight to Zurich, Switzerland. The FBI affidavit filed Friday with a federal court in Alexandria, Virginia, does not mention which foreign country was involved. But the New York Times was told by a "senior federal official" working on the case that Libya was known to have received some documents the government believes may have come from Regan. [AFP]
Sunday, 26 August, 2001: At least 33 million litres of assorted petroleum products have arrived in Zimbabwe following last month's signing of a 360 million U.S. dollars one-year contract between Zimbabwe and Libya, the official Herald newspaper reported on Saturday. Zimbabwean Minister of Mines and Energy Friday confirmed that the fuel deal was backed by a financial package from the Libya Arab Foreign Bank. "This translates to 1 million U.S. dollars per day ... The first 90 million U.S. dollars for the quarter beginning August 1 has already been offered to the National Oil Company of Zimbabwe and approved by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe," he added. [Xinhua]
Saturday, 25 August, 2001: The Libyan cleared of the Lockerbie bombing called for the release of his convicted co-accused on Friday, saying he was sure Abel Basset al-Megrahi was innocent of the 1988 atrocity. Al-Amin Fahima, who was cleared in January of planting the bomb on Pam Am flight 103 which killed 270 people over the Scottish town, told the Scotsman newspaper he hoped Megrahi's pending appeal would determine the truth. "I am totally convinced he is innocent. I hope the appeal judges study this case carefully," Fahima said. "I am happy that the truth came out as far as I am concerned, and I'm innocent. I hope that the same thing will happen soon to Mr. Megrahi and I will see him back in Libya," the paper quoted Fahima as saying. [Reuters]
Saturday, 25 August, 2001: As Caribbean leaders set off to Libya on Friday, they have been spelling out what they expect to gain from the trip. Members of the Caribbean delegation - including the leaders of Dominica, St Vincent and Grenada - are seeking technical and monetary aid to help modernise their agricultural sectors. Grenada is also looking to have a $5m dollar loan written off. It dates back to 1982 and relates to new airport facilities. The controversial visit has been arranged because of a drop in aid from the United States and Britain. [BBC]
Friday, 24 August, 2001: An official visit of Libya's revolutionary leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi to Belarus, initially planned for August, has been postponed, Pavel Latushko, spokesman for the Belarussian Foreign Ministry said on Thursday. The visit is likely to be paid in September, or may be later, Latushko said. [Itar-Tass]
Friday, 24 August, 2001: The Libyan secret agent found guilty of the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie has been granted leave to appeal against his conviction, Scotland's High Court has said. Abdel Basset al-Megrahi was convicted in January for the bombing. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. The High Court, based in Edinburgh, said it would hold a preliminary appeal hearing on October 15 at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands, the special Scottish court where Megrahi and his co-accused were tried. Megrahi remains in jail at Camp Zeist. If he loses the appeal he can expect to serve the rest of his sentence in Glasgow's tough Barlinnie prison. [Reuters]
Friday, 24 August, 2001: Zembabwe's President Robert Mugabe is recruiting Libyan bodyguards and highly trained intelligence officers to beef up his personal security, it was learnt this week. Mugabe is also sending some of his bodyguards to Libya and Russia for special short-term training programmes in advanced protection of VIPs. Intelligence sources told the Financial Gazette that Mugabe was engaging a crack Libyan unit to reinforce his team of personal bodyguards who have since independence been mainly drawn from former guerrillas of his pre-independence ZANLA forces. Mugabe's security men would be trained free of charge in Libya and the Tripoli government would also sponsor their airfares. [Financial Gazette]
Friday, 24 August, 2001: Libya and Iraq intend to start regular flights between Tripoli and Baghdad, a Libyan official said after a Libyan aircraft landed in Baghdad in defiance of a UN embargo. "The arrival in Iraq of a Libyan plane is the prelude to the setting up of a regular link between Baghdad and Tripoli, without waiting for anyone's green light," said Abel-Hamid Zentani referring to the UN sanctions committee. Zentani arrived on Tuesday on a Libyan plane carrying an 80-member delegation and humanitarian aid. [AFP]

Thursday, 23 August, 2001: Seeking to expand the role of the U.N. in the Middle East peace process, Islamic nations sought a resolution condemning Israel that the U.S. flatly said it would oppose. The Palestinian U.N. representative, Nasser al-Kidwa, circulated a draft resolution that also called for an undefined "monitoring mechanism" to help quell the violence in the region. Iraq was particularly militant with its ambassador calling Israel the "the neo-Nazi entity ... the criminal entity, the Zionist entity ... the Nazis occupying Palestinian territory." Libya went almost as far, repeatedly calling Israelis "butchers." [Reuters]
Thursday, 23 August, 2001: Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni is among African heads of state and government expected at the September 1 Libyan Revolution Day celebrations in Tripoli. Uganda is expected to send a big delegation to the fete on August 28. [New Vision]
Wednesday, 22 August, 2001: Libyan President Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has reportedly invited his Indonesian counterpart, Megawati Soekarnoputri, to visit Libya and open an embassy in Tripoli. "Qadhafi acknowledges the new government and expects Megawati to visit Libya," House of Representatives' Deputy Speaker Fatwa told newsmen yesterday. Fatwa has just returned from leading a group of Indonesian legislators on a visit to Libya last week. [Bernama]
Wednesday, 22 August, 2001: Former Sudanese Prime Minister Al-Sadiq al-Mahdi, on Monday called on the Egyptian and Libyan governments to support self-determination for the south in efforts to end Sudan's 18-year civil war, AFP said. Mahdi, head of the northern opposition Ummah Party and deposed as prime minister by President Al-Bashir in a 1989 coup, was quoted as saying that denying southern Sudanese the right to self-determination would only harden opposition to unity with the north, and increase demands for immediate separation of the south. [IRIN]
Tuesday, 21 August, 2001: The Committee on [UN] Relations with the Host Country [US] met this morning to consider a complaint from the Cuban Mission regarding the disruption of its "normal and full functioning" caused by a recent restraining notice placed against its bank accounts. The notice was issued in connection with a judgement obtained in a Florida State Court in the case of Martinez v. Republic of Cuba. The representative of Cuba said that the restraining notice prohibited Chase Manhattan Bank from transferring any funds in the Mission's accounts and from honouring its checks. The representative of Libya supported the Cuban position and pointed out that the incident in question should not have occurred. He also addressed the issue of the restrictions on his own Mission's accounts, which put his delegation in a difficult position. [M2]

Monday, 20 August, 2001: Major powers have agreed to hold more talks on strengthening a ban on biological weapons despite Washington's rejection of a draft protocol. The 1972 Convention bans germ and toxin weapons, but lacks teeth. The protocol discussed in Geneva would have set up an enforcement regime for carrying out on-site inspections to prevent nations cheating. Cuba and Iran were leading a move to put the blame squarely on the U.S. for vetoing the protocol, according to diplomatic sources. They are backed by China, Pakistan, India and Libya. [Reuters]
Sunday, 19 August, 2001: The 32-room mansion Zembabwe's President Mugabe built for his wife on the outskirts of the capital, Harare, could be turned into the Libyan embassy, or "people's bureau". Security sources revealed this weekend that the building is among 20 properties bought by Qadhafi in recent months in Zimbabwe. Opposition politicians fear it could be used as safe-houses for thugs supplied by the Libyan dictator to help intimidate the opponents of Mugabe. The sale will not only provide Libya with by far the largest embassy building in Zimbabwe, dwarfing the British and American missions; it will also provide considerable personal gain for Mugabe. The building was put on the market for £350,000 but found no takers - until Qadhafi turned up and offered £100,000 more. [The Sunday Times]
Saturday, 18 August, 2001: A consortium of Libyan bankers, led by the Libya Arab Foreign Bank, is expected in Zembabwe today to finalise details of a US$360 million fuel deal with their Zimbabwean counterparts. Libya Arab Foreign Bank, which has stakes in a number of international financial institutions, particularly Italian banks, on behalf of Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's government, has been given a mandate by Qadhafi to see the latest deal through. The deal will involve the export of fuel from Libya to Zimbabwe, which is facing serious fuel shortages and the worst economic crisis in its history. [Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 18 August, 2001: OPEC Secretary-General Ali Rodriguez said on Friday that OPEC members had begun to inform clients of the reduction in oil exports that will cut output by one million barrels daily to 23.3 million bpd. "Some OPEC countries have already notified their customers about the reduction in exports," he told Reuters. Libya on Thursday became the latest OPEC country to tell customers that supplies would be lower in September. [Reuters]
Saturday, 18 August, 2001: An MP is demanding an investigation into the case of a Libyan woman who gave birth to sextuplets in a UK hospital a month after she arrived in the country. Ronnie Campbell, MP for Blyth Valley has said he will table questions in the House of Commons about the case. The husband is in the UK to take a course in mechanical maintenance at the University of Northumbria - which lasts just 39 weeks. Mr Campbell questioned whether the couple had declared the pregnancy when they applied for a visa. He said: "He [the husband] has signed on a short course and he's bringing his family across so that means they came across and got all the treatment that they wanted. "It looks like the course was part of the plan. We cannot tell that but it is a possibility." [BBC]

The Libyan Human Rights Commission : Press Release

Friday, 17 August, 2001: Five surviving sextuplets born 12 weeks premature to a Libyan woman visiting Britain are in a stable condition in intensive care, hospital officials said on Thursday. The five babies, two boys and three girls, and their mother were being treated at the Royal Victoria hospital in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. A hospital spokeswoman declined to give further details, but the Times newspaper said a team of 14 doctors and nurses had performed an emergency caesarean in just five minutes last Thursday. The weakest of the sextuplets, a girl, died from complications arising from the early birth. The heaviest of the babies was said to weigh just 2 lb (1 kg). [Reuters]
Friday, 17 August, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi will pay his first official visit to a former Soviet republic later this month when he flies to Belarus for talks with President Alexander Lukashenko, the Belarus foreign ministry announced Thursday. Qadhafi is paying a return visit to the Belarus capital after Lukashenko's visit to Tripoli in October last year, the ministry said, without providing specific dates for the Minsk summit. Lukashenko, who is seeking re-election next month, earlier this year announced that Libya was ready to extend some 100 million dollars in financing to help Belarus stabilize its currency. [AFP]
Thursday, 16 August, 2001: Sudanese opposition factions have been invited to Tripoli, Libya, to discuss an Egyptian-Libyan peace initiative, aimed at ending the 18-year civil war in Sudan, Egyptian Foreign Minister Ahmed Maher said Tuesday. "The Sudanese parties have been invited to attend a meeting next week in Tripoli to discuss with us how to activate the initiative," Maher was quoted as saying by MENA news agency. [Xinhua]
Thursday, 16 August, 2001: Small Caribbean nations are still planning a mission to Libya next week, even though it looks like Antigua and Barbuda may pull out. St. Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves said Tuesday that for St. Vincent, Dominica, Grenada and St. Kitts and Nevis the August 24 trip "is on." Organization of Eastern Caribbean States leaders agreed at their meeting late last month to send an aid-seeking mission to Libya. [Agencia EFE]
A New Libyan Site : Free Libya "Libya al-Hurra"

Wednesday, 15 August, 2001: A U.S. soldier injured in the 1986 bombing of a Berlin discotheque testified Tuesday at the trial of the alleged attackers that he still carries fears from the explosion to this day. "I look whenever I go in somewhere if there are two exits. I don't like it when someone sits behind me," Clarence Rambo, 37, told the court. Rambo is among those seeking damages in the trial, which has been going on since 1997. On trial are five people - a Palestinian, three German nationals and a Libyan - suspected of organizing and carrying out the attack. Radio transmissions between Tripoli and the Libyan Embassy in East Berlin intercepted by U.S. and West German intelligence suggested Libya was behind the bombing. [AP]
Wednesday, 15 August, 2001: The elevation of Malawi President Muluzi to the influential position of the 14 nation Southern African Development Community (SADC) chairperson brings Libyan leader Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi closer to his lifelong ambition; to become the first President of the African Union. This is the opinion of a South African based political analyst think tank. Qadhafi has been generous in his financial support of SADC countries and their incumbent leaders. It is mooted that there is a conspiracy by the Libyan leader to woo support for his campaign to become the first President of the African Union which has succeeded the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) after the Lusaka meeting in early July this year. [The Chronicle]
Tuesday, 14 August, 2001: The third son of the Libyan leader Col Qadhafi has been wreaking havoc in a jet-set playground in Sardinia, say the Italian media. First Saadi Qadhafi's 130ft yacht, al-Farah, crashed into a mooring on the Costa Smeralda, sustaining £15,000 of damage. Then he was ejected from the Billionaire restaurant and nightclub in Porto Cervo for unseemly behaviour, even before he had time to park his car. Saadi, known locally as "His Arrogance", had apparently tried to jump the car park queue. The venue's co-owner, Flavio Briatore, told him: "People like you who don't know how to behave are not wanted. Get out." Mr Briatore admits that his restaurant's prices are high. A table for dinner could set a customer back up to £10,000, he says. [The Telegraph]
Tuesday, 14 August, 2001: The Libyan leader, Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, held talks with representatives from Ethiopia and Eritrea in an effort to assist in the peace process, the Libyan news agency Jana said. Qadhafi informed the two countries of his readiness to contribute towards resolving the prisoners-of-war issue, and consolidating the ceasefire between them. [IRIN]
Tuesday, 14 August, 2001: United Arab Emirate's "Zayed Centre for Coordination and Follow up" has issued a documented political analysis on the Lockerbie issue. The documented studies entitled "The Libyan Crises and the International legitimacy, the Lockerbie Issue" was issued in collaboration with the Arab League and is made up of analysis, criticism and documentation of developments in the Lockerbie case since it began in November 1991. [WAM]
Monday, 13 August, 2001: Save Group, the independent service station network that went bankrupt in March, will announce on Monday that Anglo Petroleum has bought it for 55 million stg. The company emerged as the exclusive bidder from a group of potential buyers including the Libyan National Oil Corporation, Lukoil and Petroplus. [Sunday Times]
Monday, 13 August, 2001: The Sudanese government has accused the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army of rejecting a peace bid by Egypt and Libya, Presidential peace adviser Ghazi Atabani told repoerters Sunday. He said his government and those of Egypt and Libya are trying to probe "the real stance of the movement, the extent of its interest in peace and its final position with regards to the joint initiative." [AFP]

Sunday, 12 August, 2001: The Tunisian interior minister, Abdallah al-Kabi, and accompanying delegation arrived Friday evening at Tripoli International Airport. They were met at the airport by the secretary of the committee for justice and public security and Tunisia's general representative in Libya. The Tunisian interior minister, in a statement to Jana, emphasised that his visit comes in the context of consolidating the brotherly relations between the two countries and a number of issues concerning the co-opeation in the field of security will be discussed. [JANA]

Saturday, 11 August, 2001: Zimbabwe will from next month start exporting between 10,000 and 12,000 tonnes of prime beef a year to Libya. John Mapondera, the initiator of the deal, said discussions with the Libyans had been concluded and what was left was the signing of the deal. "The Libyans will be coming back to Zimbabwe early next month to sign the deal," he said. Cattle Producers Association chief executive said half of the consignment to be exported was expected to come from small-scale producers and communal farmers. [Zimbabwe Independent]
Friday, 10 August, 2001: Republican Sen. Richard Lugar, long considered one of the U.S. Senate's leading authorities on international affairs, was one of only two senators to vote [last week] against authorizing penalties against foreign companies that invest in Iran and Libya. The five-year-old policy of sanctions against Libya and Iran "has not worked," Lugar wrote in a statement with Sen. Chuck Hagel, the only other senator to vote against the measure. "It has the right objectives, but is the wrong policy," the senators wrote in their statement. [States News]
Friday, 10 August, 2001: Libya and Algeria signed a series of cooperation agreements Monday after the Algerian-Libyan joint commission held two days of meetings in Sirte, the official Libyan agency Jana said. The agency said the accords covered investment, economy, trade, finance, education and security. In a meeting with Libyan Leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, Algerian Prime Minister Ali Benflis handed him a message from President Bouteflika. [Middle East Wire]
Thursday, 9 August, 2001: Two leading international civil rights lawyers have joined the appeal to free the Libyan convicted of the Lockerbie bombing. Harvard Professor Alan Dershowitz and leading human rights advocate Michael Mansfield have now stepped in to bolster his case. Dershowitz, writing in the Scotsman newspaper on Wednesday, said he had become concerned that the legal standard of proof beyond reasonable doubt had not been met. He also feared that "The wrong man may well have been convicted of the crime and the real mass murderer may not have been charged." Mansfield is helping the defence team. [Reuters]
Thursday, 9 August, 2001: SNC-Lavalin International Inc. said on Wednesday it had been awarded a C$58 million (US$38 million) contract to restore a 26 km (16 mile) stretch of a water pipeline in coastal Libya. SNC-Lavalin International is a unit of SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., Canada's largest engineering firm. The contract with Libya's Management and Implementation Authority of the Great Man-Made River Project calls for the restoration of approximately 3,500 prestressed concrete pipes to supply the region around the city of Benghazi, the company said. Once completed, the pipeline will carry over 6 million cubic metres (210 million cubic feet) of water a day for agricultural development and human consumption, the company said. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 8 August, 2001: The Egyptian foreign minister Ahmad Maher has received a message from the Libyan secretary for African unity Ali al-Treiki dealing with the developments in Sudan and the special proposal to submit a joint memorandum to the Arab league and establishing a fund for rebuilding Southern Sudan. Maher met with Libya's representative at the Arab League Abdel-Menem al-Houni who handed him the message. [Arabic News]

Tuesday, 7 August, 2001: Egyptian Foreign Minister Ahmed Maher denied on Monday that there was an agreement on holding an Arab-African summit to explore ways of ending the 18-year civil war in Sudan. "I have no knowledge about such a summit and there is no agreement on holding this summit," Maher told reporters at a news conference. Sudanese Minister of External Relations Mustafa Ismail said on Saturday that leaders of Sudan, Libya, Egypt and Kenya, as well as several other African nations, would hold a summit in the Libyan capital of Tripoli later this month to discuss ways of helping reach peace and reconciliation in Sudan. [Xinhua]
Monday, 6 August, 2001: Of all African countries, Libya has the highest reserves of 26 billion barrels, which by current production levels is expected to last for 55 years, according to a British Petroleom (BP) report . The report pointed out that Nigeria is second to Libya in Africa but appears to be less economical with its reserves as its oil deposit is expected to be exhausted 26 years before Libya exhausts its reserves. BP carried out the report aiming to evaluate the quantity of oil reserves available worldwide and how long it would take to exhaust them. [Xinhua]
Monday, 6 August, 2001: Moscow deplored the US decision to extend for five years a 1996 sanctions act curbing foreign investment in the petroleum and gas industries of Iran and Libya, foreign ministry sources were quoted by the Interfax news agency as saying. "This is a mistake which may bring more difficulties to the life of the international community and to Russo-US relations in particular," the sources said late Saturday. "Moscow has cooperated and will continue cooperating with Tripoli and Tehran," the sources affirmed. [AFP]
Sunday, 5 August, 2001: Egypt and Libya have formed a $100 million company to pipe oil to Egypt and gas to Libya, the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation said Saturday. Al-Tayoub company spokesman Hamdi Abdel-Aziz told Dow Jones Newswires that 50 percent of the company is owned by Libya's National Oil Corporation. The remainder belongs to the Egyptian state-owned EGPC and its affiliates. Libya currently exports about 1.3 million barrels of oil per day, while Egypt daily produces about 800,000 barrels of oil and consumes about 570,000 barrels, according to the latest U.S. Department of Energy report on Egypt and Libya. [AP]
Sunday, 5 August, 2001: Algerian head of government, M. Ali Benflis is visiting Libya to take part in the 10th session of the Algero-Libyan executive joint- commission scheduled for August 5 and 6. M. Benflis will be accompanied by an important delegation composed of the ministers of finance, moudjahidine, tourism, water resources and the minister delegate in charge of the Algerian community abroad as well as Mourad Medelci, Mohammed Abbas, Lakhdar Dorbani, Aissa Abdellaoui and Abdelaziz Ziari. [ANA]
Saturday, 4 August, 2001: U.S. President Bush on Friday signed a five-year extension of sanctions against foreign companies that conduct business with Iran and Libya. The extension toughens the act to make the rules applying to Libya the same as those for Iran. Existing law targets foreign companies that invest more than $40 million a year in Libya's energy production and $20 million in Iran's. The new limit is $20 million for both. [AP]
Saturday, 4 August, 2001: In a statement released [Friday] by the White House, U.S. President Bush said: "...Libya must address its obligations under U.N. Security Council Resolutions. These relate to the 1988 Lockerbie bombing and require Libya to accept responsibility for the actions of Libyan officials, disclose all it knows about the bombing, renounce terrorism, and pay appropriate compensation. Cooperative action by Libya on these four issues would make it possible for us to begin to move toward a more constructive relationship." [U.S. Newswire]

Tibra: A Libyan Community Project

Friday, 3 August, 2001: The mainstays of their economies have weakened and U.S. aid has slumped so dramatically in the past decade that a handful of Caribbean countries plan to take their begging bowls to oil-rich Libya next month. Officials from the five nations -- Grenada, Dominica, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, and St. Kitts and Nevis -- agreed to make the trek to Tripoli during a meeting of the nine-nation Organization of Eastern Caribbean States last week. Only Grenada and Dominica have diplomatic relations with Libya. [Sun-Sentinel]

Thursday, 2 August, 2001: Apartheid-era chemical warfare expert Wouter Basson on Wednesday claimed he had visited the house of former president Nelson Mandela several times in the early 1990s. "I was at Mr Mandela's home four or five times with the Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs and Yusef Murgham (Basson claimed he was a Libyan intelligence officer). "... Murgham was responsible for funding from Libya to the ANC. He paid cash to ANC members in Harare every month," he said. Basson also claimed to have been instrumental in handing a letter from Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi to British leader John Major through the intervention of the then South Africa Defence Force chief, Georg Meiring. [SAPA]
Wednesday, 1 August, 2001: The European Union's head office warned Washington on Tuesday that it would complain to the World Trade Organization if the U.S. tried to penalize Europeans who do business with Iran and Libya. EU Commissioner for External Relations Chris Patten expressed regret at the U.S. Congress' vote to extend the 1996 sanctions law. While both sides agree on the need to fight international terrorism, he said, "the EU is concerned that this important joint effort could be damaged by continuing U.S. attempts to promote the goal through unilateral laws." [AP]
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