News and Views [ October 2001 ]

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Wednesday, 31 October, 2001: Ways to counteract international terrorism was the key topic at a meeting of Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov and his Libyan counterpart Abdel-Rahman Shalgam on Tuesday. This problem is of vital importance for all countries, this is why they must consolidate their efforts in fighting terrorism, the two ministers stressed. Commenting on the recent mass killing of Christians in Pakistan, the Libyan diplomat called it "a barbarian and brutal crime," adding that Islam has nothing to do with terrorism. The sides also discussed the situation in Afghanistan, saying that the country needs another government. [Itar-Tass]
Wednesday, 31 October, 2001: Russia and Libya are preparing a summit between Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and Russian President Putin, but have not finalized the details yet, a top official said Tuesday. The planned summit "is on the agenda of bilateral relations" and the sides "are working actively for the success of the meeting," Russian Foreign Minister Ivanov said after conferring with his Libyan counterpart Abdel-Rahman Shalgam. Shalgam forecast that 2002 would witness a big leap in economic exchanges between Moscow and Tripoli. [AP]
Wednesday, 31 October, 2001: The Special Representative of the U.N. Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict told the Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) this morning that children faced many appalling obstacles worldwide, and none more pressing than armed conflict. Concerning the reports before the Committee, the representative of Libya said her delegation would have liked the report on the Special Representative's work to consider the armed struggle in the Palestinian Occupied Territories, as well as the situation of children in Iraq. She thought the report seemed to focus on children in some countries and not others. [M2]
Wednesday, 31 October, 2001: The Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRCO) said Tuesday it had asked Libya to investigate allegations it tortured eight Ethiopians during years of detention. EHRCO wrote to Libya's ambassador in Addis Ababa on October 17, asking him "to have these complaints investigated and, if verified to be true, to request the appropriate Libyan authorities to bring those responsible to justice as well as to redress harm done to the victims." Libyan authorities in Tripoli, however, said the Ethiopians had been released out of "clemency." [AFP]
Wednesday, 31 October, 2001: Reports from Washington indicate that the CIA has been in high-level contact with Syria, Libya and Sudan - all previously seen as "rogue states" - to seek their co-operation in President Bush's war on terrorism. According to The New York Times, senior CIA officials have had recent meetings with their counterparts in all three countries. [BBC]

Tuesday, 30 October, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has commended Libya's capacities, experience, scientific and academic potentialities, saying they are "a source of pride before the world which thought that Libya was an illiterate country with no scientists or experts". Qadhafi made the remarks at the ongoing conference on the environment in Tripoli. [PANA]
Tuesday, 30 October, 2001: Over K800 million has been raised locally and $200,000 has been pledged by Libya towards the FJT Institute for Democracy and Industrial Relations Studies in Lusaka, Zambia. Libyan ambassador Khalifa Swesi said that his leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi decided to contribute $200,000 towards the institute to nurture democracy in Africa. [Africa News]
Monday, 29 October, 2001: A Libyan plane entered Italian airspace without requesting authorization and was intercepted and escorted out by jet fighters, media reports said Sunday. Two Italian fighters approached the Libyan plane, a Fokker 50, and escorted it over the sea, out of the path of major cities, until it left Italian airspace. The plane - which can seat 50 passengers but was apparently fitted for cargo - had taken off in Denmark and crossed into northern Italy. [AP]
Monday, 29 October, 2001: A national conference on environmental issues opened Saturday in Tripoli, chaired by Faraj Htewech, Libyan Secretary in charge of Resources, Environment and Urban Planning. The three-day conference with the theme: "Together for a Clean Environment," is under the aegis of the Libyan Public Environment Organisation. Khalifa Abdallah, Director of the Organisation, said "joint efforts by all organisations, services and citizens and the mobilisation of resources are required to safeguard the natural environment". [PANA]
Monday, 29 October, 2001: Joint oil, gas and power projects for Russia and Libya will be on the agenda of the upcoming meeting of the intergovernmental commission on trade, economic, scientific and technical cooperation to be held in Moscow on Monday. The Libyan delegation will be led by Foreign Minister Abdel-Rahman Shalqam; the Russian delegation by Minister for Emergency Situations Sergei Shoigu. Libya plans to invest about 20 billion U.S. dollars in its oil sector and wants to use Russian technologies in the oil and power industries. [Itar-Tass]
Monday, 29 October, 2001: Tripoli team Al-Ahli has won the 2000/2001 Libyan basketball championship, after beating rival Al-Ittihad 103-95 Friday. It was another thrilling encounter by the two teams based in the Libayan capital, with Al-Ittihad's Adnan Al-Ghannay clinching the highest-scorer award with 243 points. Below is how the six teams finished: 1. Al-Ahli (21 pts) 2. Al-Ittihad (20) 3. Al-Mourouj (16) 4. Al-Nasr (13) 5. Al-Wahda (12) 6. Al-Madina (11). [PANA]

Sunday, 28 October, 2001: [Libya], among 18 countries, won a seat on the 54-seat United Nations Economic and Social Council, the main U.N. body concerned with international economic, cultural, educational and health matters. The 18 countries were elected to three-year terms beginning on January 1, 2002 by a vote of the 189-nation United Nations General Assembly. One-third of the council's seats fall vacant at the end of each year. [Reuters]
Sunday, 28 October, 2001: Oil cartel OPEC has virtually reached agreement to reduce production to boost sagging prices, and the consensus revolves around a one million barrel per day (bpd) cut, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said on Thursday. He said the organization's biggest producers -- Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq and Venezuela -- all agreed on the need to cut. He also cited Libya, Algeria and Qatar. "They are fully in agreement," he told reporters. [Reuters]
Saturday, 27 October, 2001: Libya shut its airports and ports on Friday and cut telephone links with the outside world to mark a day of mourning for a mass deportation by colonial power Italy 90 years ago, Libyan media said. "All international laws and conventions condemn Italy for what it did to the Libyans...and back their right to seek compensation for all the damages they incurred," the Foreign Ministry said in a statement, reported by Jana. The ministry said Italy apologized to Libya in 1998 and expressed its readiness to pay compensation. [Reuters]
Saturday, 27 October, 2001: Lebanese President Emile Lahoud met with Libyan diplomat Ahmad Ghadaf al-Damm on Thursday to discuss recent regional and international developments. Lahoud and Ghadaf al-Damm discussed bilateral relations and the need for coordination between the governments. Discussions included the Sept. 11 attacks on the US and their repercussions, as well as recent spiraling of violence in Israel and the Occupied Territories. [The Daily Star]
Saturday, 27 October, 2001: Libyan Foreign Minister Abdel-Rahman Shalgam comes to Russia next week, a spokesman for the Libyan embassy in Moscow told Itar-Tass on Friday. Shalgam will visit Moscow to attend a meeting of the inter-governmental cooperation commission. Emergency Situations Minister Sergei Shoigu will lead the Russian delegation. The commission for economic and scientific-technological cooperation is in place since 1997. [Itar-Tass]
Saturday, 27 October, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi is ready to trade information and offer police help in the hunt for Osama bin Laden, France's minister for cooperation said on Friday after a trip to Libya and Sudan. "The head of the Libyan state has no intention of participating militarily in the struggle against the bin Laden network but exchanges of information and police cooperation are conceivable," minister Josselin told reporters in Paris. [Reuters]
Friday, 26 October, 2001: Libya is conducting military exercises in Tunisia as part of a bilateral agreement between the two countries, a Libyan official said Thursday. A Libyan naval frigate is currently anchored at the capital's Goulette commercial port, where young Libyan soldiers in training are undergoing the exercices. The frigate is expected to leave Tunis on Friday. [AFP]
Friday, 26 October, 2001: Foreign students from countries pegged as terrorist hotbeds aren't being automatically barred from studying subjects such as chemistry and biology in Canada, says Canada's Immigration Minister Elinor Caplan. Applicants from Iran, Iraq and Libya are not being refused entry outright as some reports have indicated, she said. All foreign students are assessed case by case, Caplan told a news conference. [CP]
Friday, 26 October, 2001: Two U.S. senators said on Thursday that they would propose new laws to sew up holes in the immigration net that the Sept. 11 hijackers could have slipped through. Senators Dianne Feinstein and Jon Kyl said they were drafting a bill that would bar students from seven countries from entering the United States. Students from Iran, Iraq, Sudan, Libya, Syria, Cuba and North Korea should be barred from entering the U.S., the senators said. [Reuters]
Friday, 26 October, 2001: The Third Muslim Women Games opened Wednesday in Iran. The athletes come from Iran, Indonesia, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Syria, Oman, Kyrgyzstan, Gabon, Guinea, Yemen, Qatar, Senegal, Iraq, United Kingdom, Uganda, Malaysia, Libya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Benin, Brunei, India, Bahrain and Congo. [AP]

Thursday, 25 October, 2001: The Qadhafi Foundation headed by Seif al-Islam al-Qadhafi said Wednesday it has sent a shipment of humanitarian goods and a donation of 100,000 dollars for Afghan refugees in Pakistan. The shipment of 15,000 tents, 5,000 blankets and 500 tonnes of rice has arrived in the Pakistani towns of Quetta and Peshawar, said an official of the foundation. He told AFP the donation was made through the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and that more aid shipments for refugees from the US-led attacks on Afghanistan would follow. [AFP]
Thursday, 25 October, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, Tuesday received the French minister of Cooperation and Francophonie, Charles Josselin, who presented him a message from President, Jacques Chirac. Chirac expressed France's readiness to strengthen cooperation with Libya in several fields. Josselin and the Libyan assistant secretary of Information Dr Said Hefyana later discussed the policy of the two countries towards Africa. [PANA]
Thursday, 25 October, 2001: Cyprus Minister of Finance Takis Klerides, who is currently in Libya on an official visit, had a meeting yesterday with Foreign Affairs Secretary Sulaiman Shhumi and with Secretary of External and International Cooperation Abdurrahman Shalgam. Klerides and the Libyan officials discussed issues of international cooperation in combating terrorism and ways of enhancing Mediterranean cooperation in the political and economic fields. [M2]
Wednesday, 24 October, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi Tuesday described last month's attacks on the U.S. as "horrifying" and called for an international conference to define terrorism and then fight it. "We must sit down at any level without emotions ... and after we define terrorism we agree on fighting terrorism," Qadhafi said in an interview with Qatar's al-Jazeera television. He described the Sept. 11 attacks as "horrifying, destructive" and said they had caused enormous loss of life and economic damage that had affected all countries. Qadhafi evaded answering direct questions on U.S. military attacks on Afghanistan. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 24 October, 2001: Interpol Secretary-General Ronald Noble praised Arab nations Monday for their cooperation in the fight against terrorism. Noble, addressing a conference of Arab police chiefs in Tunis, said Arab countries had been working closely with the Interpol to combat terrorism long before the Sept. 11 attacks. "The first arrest warrant against bin Laden did not come from the United States but from Libya in 1998," Noble said. [The Day]
Wednesday, 24 October, 2001: A U.S. federal grand jury on Tuesday charged former Air Force intelligence analyst Brian Regan with attempted espionage. Regan was arrested on Aug. 23 at Dulles International Airport as he was preparing to leave the U.S. Prosecutors say that Regan, who had access to top secret national security information, tried to give classified documents to a foreign country, which a source identified as Libya. [AP]
Wednesday, 24 October, 2001: A major Philippine newspaper on Tuesday criticized Libya for promising "humanitarian assistance" to Muslim kidnappers in exchange for an abducted Chinese man. The Philippine Star said this practice of using covert Libyan ransom payments to free foreigners and Christians kidnapped by Muslim groups had "only encouraged more kidnappings". Sources among Muslim rebels said a ransom was paid for the Chinese man. [AFP]
Wednesday, 24 October, 2001: Mali, Libya and Tunisia are contemplating a joint airline venture later this year. Tunisia's Minister of State for Trade, Mohamed Amor hinted early this week in Bamako. Speaking to Malian and Tunisian investors, Amor said the project was at a very advanced stage, asserting that the move demonstrates a common will to give a new impetus to air transport cooperation among the three countries. [Daily Trust]

Tuesday, 23 October, 2001: French Cooperation Minister Charles Josselin held ground-breaking talks with Libyan deputy foreign minister Saad Mojber late Monday on the fight against terrorism. Josselin, making the first official visit to Libya by a French government member since 1992, is seeking Tripoli's cooperation in the US-led fight against terrorism. Josselin told AFP he had discussed "effective ways to fight terrorism as well as possible solutions to end the inequalities (of people) throughout the world". He also announced that the two nations had agreed to hold ministerial-level meetings "at the start of next year". "Libya could be our ally in the fight against terrorism," Josselin said. [AFP]

Monday, 22 October, 2001: An unidentified Libyan chemist has been implicated in preparations for bioterrorist attacks planned by Bin Laden's organisation, the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera said yesterday. The man's role came to light in a conversation between a Tunisian and another Libyan intercepted by Italy's DIGOS anti-terror squad. The newspaper reported that the Tunisian -- identified as Essid bin Khemais -- had been held last April in Milan. The other person on the telephone, Libyan national Lased bin Heni, was arrested last week in Munich. According to the newspaper, bin Khemais is heard saying: "The Libyan, a chemistry teacher... has the formula... they've found a way of mixing the product with explosive... it's easy." [AFP]
Sunday, 21 October, 2001: French Cooperation and Francophonie minister Charles Josselin is due in Tripoli, Libya next Monday for a two-day visit, official sources said. The visit, the first of a French senior official in Libya for several years now, comes against the backdrop of moves to consolidate relations between Paris and Tripoli in various domains. A 60-strong delegation of French businessmen was in Libya from 13 to 17 October. [PANA]
Sunday, 21 October, 2001: Muslim guerrillas in the Philippines freed a Chinese hostage in exchange for "humanitarian assistance" from Libya. Chinese hostage Zhang Zhongyi, kidnapped more than two months ago, was turned over by his captors to an envoy of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) on Friday. The MILF envoy then handed him to the Libyan ambassador Salem Adam. Adam said no ransom was paid but "the Libyan embassy will provide humanitarian assistance if they (the kidnappers) surrender to the government and form themselves into a cooperative." MILF sources said that "money changed hands," but would not give details. [AFP]
Sunday, 21 October, 2001: Iran's President Khatami expressed hope that Shiite leader, Imam Musa Sadr, missing since boarding a plane out of Libya in 1978, might still be alive. Speaking to a delegate for the Tehran office of the Imam Sadr Studies and Research Center, Iranian Vice-President Abtahi said Khatami expressed his sympathy to Sadr's relatives and believed "only the imam’s return would make up for the pain of 23 years of absence." The majority of Lebanese Shiites accuse Libya of abducting Sadr and keeping him under detention. [Daily Star]
Sunday, 21 October, 2001: Alabama congressman Earl Hilliard said the U.S. is missing an opportunity to foster better relations with Arab states. U.S. Rep. Hilliard said the U.S. can attempt to cultivate a relationship with Palestinians and Arab and Muslim states without compromising close ties to Israel. Hilliard was criticized and an ethics complaint was filed against him for visiting Libya in 1997. The complaint was dismissed by the House ethics committee in 1998. [Times Daily]
Saturday, 20 October, 2001: A crack unit of Libyan intelligence officers is in Zimbabwe to beef up President Robert Mugabe's security and intelligence system as the nation lurches towards the 2002 presidential election. Intelligence sources told the Independent this week that over 20 Libyan nationals were booked at a local hotel and could be seen driving around in government vehicles. As the presidential poll draws near, Mugabe is wary over his security in the event of losing the do-or-die election that pits his 38-year-old Zanu PF party against the two-year-old opposition Movement for Democratic Change. [The Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 20 October, 2001: A delegation of French businessmen Thursday ended a five-day visit to Tripoli, where it held talks with political authorities and Libyan businessmen. The delegation, led by the president of the Movement of French Enterprises François Perigot, included officials from some 60 enterprises. Sectors covered included construction, services, agricultural products, the pharmaceutical industry, oil, gas, sea transport, metallurgy, industrial engineering, geology, earth science, banking and finance. [PANA]
Saturday, 20 October, 2001: The Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), has disclosed that the Libyan Embassy was claiming the foreign species of birds seized in May at Entebbe International Airport. UWA officials, said they would not hand them over because the Embassy had failed to produce relevant documents. The Customs Department intercepted six cockatoos and six lovebirds, natives of Australia and south Africa, respectively. [New Vision]
Friday, 19 October, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said Thursday that suspected attacks with the anthrax germs in the U.S., if proved true, would be "the worst type of terrorism." In a statement carried by the official news agency JANA, Qadhafi said that "if it turns out that anthrax germs have been spread in the U.S., which appears to be the case, it would be a very serious business." Qadhafi said he rejected the idea that "men could use bacteria against other men, whatever the extent of hatred between them," calling it "cowardly and diabolical." [AFP]
Friday, 19 October, 2001: Libya has put off a planned trip to the Caribbean by a delegation that was to assess investment opportunities in the region, a top official in Dominica said Thursday. Emanuel Nanton, special adviser to Prime Minister Pierre Charles, said Libya's government had notified Dominica the trip would be pushed back indefinitely given worldwide tensions following the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in the U.S. and the U.S.-led military strikes on Afghanistan. [AP]
Friday, 19 October, 2001: Indonesian Vice President Hamzah Haz has delayed his planned visit to Libya indefinitely following the high global political tension over the U.S.-led military strikes on Afghanistan, reports said. The visit was scheduled for late October. Hamzah was slated to represent President Soekarnoputri on the invitation of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, which was made during a visit of Indonesian legislators to Libya in August. [The Jakarta Post]
Friday, 19 October, 2001: With fears of biological terrorism spreading, the U.S. Bush administration unveiled plans Wednesday to vastly expand the U.S. stockpile of smallpox vaccine to cover every person in the U.S. by the end of next year. There are only two official laboratory repositories of smallpox, in the U.S. and Russia. But experts think that with the breakup of the Soviet Union, some of the virus may have been acquired by other countries. Experts suspect Iraq, Iran, North Korea and Libya have their own stockpiles of smallpox. [Chicago Tribune]
Thursday, 18 October, 2001: The first free Libyan university, named Africa University opened last week in the presence of Libyan and resident foreign students. It has faculties of economics and political science, engineering, medicine, law and environmental sciences. The university has a teaching staff of 65 professors. The vice-chancellor of the institution, Dr Mabrouk Abou-Shnia said that 40 students have registered since the university opened a week ago. [PANA]
Thursday, 18 October, 2001: Most Arab countries have denounced the September 11 attacks on U.S. cities, but many in the region have voiced concern that the U.S.-led military campaign would expand to include Arab targets. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said "I don't think the U.S. will be forced to resort to military procedures against Syria, or Libya, or Lebanon." "I've told President Bush that attacking Syria and Lebanon and Libya will...worsen the matter and increase anger in the Arab world, and I don't think he will do it." [Reuters]
Wednesday, 17 October, 2001: Speaking to a crowd of more than 1,000 at the Minneapolis Marriott Hotel, U.S. Senator John McCain said that after the allies defeat bin Laden and Afghanistan's Taliban militia, the nation must prepare for another "difficult phase of operation." In that phase, the allies must force other regimes -- he named Iraq, Iran, Libya, Syria and Sudan -- to choose whether to continue harboring terrorists and developing weapons of mass destruction. "We would welcome them back into the world community" if they change their current policies, he said. But if they don't, the U.S. must be prepared to lead the war against terrorism. [Pioneer Press]
Wednesday, 17 October, 2001: The Nigerian police have arrested five Pakistanis, suspected to be terrorists. The action is a part of the government's efforts to deal decisively with identified threats to security, over which it issued a watch-list on the nationals of Afghanistan, Kuwait, Pakistan, Lebanon, India, Iran, Iraq, Libya, the Sudan, Algeria, Egypt and Chad. [Xinhua]
Tuesday, 16 October, 2001: Lawyers for a Libyan intelligence agent convicted in the Lockerbie bombing said Monday that they will present new evidence during their appeal in a case that exposed the complexity of putting terrorism on trial. In a preliminary hearing that began the appeal in a special Scottish court in the Netherlands, judges scheduled substantive arguments for late January. Al-Megrahi was sentenced Jan. 31 to life imprisonment for killing 270 people, 179 of them Americans, in the 1988 explosion. Since then, he has been the only occupant of the lockup on the compound near a former air force base that was converted to a court facility for the trial. A second suspect, Lamen Fhimah, was acquitted and returned to a hero's welcome in Libya. [AP]
Tuesday, 16 October, 2001: A full enquiry into mysteries surrounding the 1988 Lockerbie airliner bombing is vital following the September 11 attacks in the U.S., Lockerbie victims' families have said. They vowed to press on with demands for an independent investigation after Scottish judges denied a plea by the sister of a stewardess killed in the explosion for such a probe. "If we had had a proper enquiry, the events of Sept. 11 possibly might never have happened," said John Mosey, whose daughter died on Pan Am 103 on Dec. 21, 1988. De Larracoechea, who lost her sister when the New York-bound jet exploded, said the real culprits have never been identified due to conflicts of interest and political expediency. A Libyan intelligence agent was sentenced last January to life imprisonment for killing 270 people in the 1988 airliner bombing. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 16 October, 2001: Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez met with Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi in Tripoli on Sunday to discuss sliding oil prices, the official Libyan news agency JANA reported. Chavez was in Tripoli for a few hours before heading to Brussels, Belgium. Chavez said he would like to see prices return to OPEC's target range of $22 to $28 a barrel and is considering calling for an emergency meeting of OPEC heads of state. [AP]
Tuesday, 16 October, 2001: Uganda's President Museveni met with a Libyan investment delegation led by the Assistant minister of African Unity for Investment, Dr. Khaled Zentuti. The delegation included Mohammed el-Huwej who is chairman and managing director of Lafico, a private Libyan company responsible for investment worldwide. [The Monitor]
Tuesday, 16 October, 2001: Muslim militants allegedly backed by Osama bin Laden were plotting a poison chemical attack in Europe designed to suffocate people, according to telephone calls intercepted by Italian police. One of the men, a Libyan, was arrested in Germany last week. A second, a Tunisian, was seized in Italy in April. Over a two-month period, an anti-terrorism unit managed to record dozens of phone calls made from a flat outside Milan, outlining ideas for terror attacks and giving details of bin Laden's al Qaeda organisation. In one conversation, the Tunisian, Ben Khemais, told his Libyan friend Lased that there was a plan to "try out" a drum of a "liquid" in France, according to police transcript of the phone calls given to Reuters on Monday. [Reuters]
Monday, 15 October, 2001: The Libyan convicted for the 1988 Lockerbie bombing is due in court on Monday for an appeal hearing. Court officials expect Abdelbaset al-Megrahi to make his first appearance since January 31, when Scottish judges sitting in the Netherlands jailed the former secret agent for life for the murder of the 270 people killed when Pan Am flight 103 blew up over Lockerbie on December 21, 1988. It will be a largely technical preliminary procedure to discuss preparations for the appeal, officials said. Judges are thought likely to set a date for the beginning of the appeal. [Reuters]
Monday, 15 October, 2001: Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez will meet Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi in Tripoli on Sunday in a bid to organize a high-level meeting of OPEC producers to discuss oil price strategy, Chavez' office said. The Venezuelan leader, on a three-week tour of Europe and Algeria, had not originally included Libya in his itinerary, but he announced unexpectedly in Algiers Saturday he was also planning to visit Libya, Iran and Saudi Arabia. Chavez will raise with Qadhafi the possibility of calling an extraordinary meeting of presidents and heads of state of OPEC to discuss the issue of crude oil prices. [Reuters]
Sunday, 14 October, 2001: Two U.S. executives with the now defunct Houston-based Thane-Coat Inc. pleaded guilty Thursday to charges that they violated a 1986 presidential order banning trade with Libya because of its support of terrorism. Jerry Ford and Preston Engebretson were sentenced to three years of probation for shipping pipe coating through England to Libya in 1995. The material was to be used in a project to supply water to desert areas. [Houston Chronicle]
Sunday, 14 October, 2001: Thousands of rock-throwing Pakistanis, some armed with guns, clashed with police Friday as hard-line Muslim groups expressed rage over the US airstrikes on Afghanistan. Many of the estimated 20,000 demonstrators who defied government warnings threw stones at paramilitary police. Anti-US demonstrations were also held Friday in Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Libya, India, Egypt and Lebanon, with no major incidents reported. [AFP]
Sunday, 14 October, 2001: China has ordered strict limits on the sale of air tickets to passengers from several Middle East and Muslim countries, travel agents in Beijing said Saturday. The Civil Aviation Administration of China issued a notice on the new rules in light of the worldwide terror scare triggered by the September 11 attacks in the U.S. According to the notice, the countries included Afghanistan, Palestine, Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, UAE, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Kuwait, Sudan, Libya and Algeria. [AFP]
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Saturday, 13 October, 2001: Four Arab men returned to their homes in Dublin, Ireland, late on Wednesday night following their arrest the previous day and hours of questioning. They were released without charge. The four arrested, a 39-year-old naturalised Irish citizen originally from Libya, two other Libyans and an Algerian, were arrested on suspicion of being involved in fund-raising for groups connected to the [Bin Ladin's] al-Qaida network. [The Irish Examiner]
Saturday, 13 October, 2001: A Libyan intelligence chief was part of a delegation that met last week with American and British officials in London, the U.S. State Department said Friday. Among the Libyan delegation was Musa Kusa, whom State Department Richard Boucher identified as "the Libyan intelligence chief." The meeting discussed "Libya's response to the remaining requirements of the U.N. resolutions on Lockerbie, in particular to accept responsibility for the actions of its officials and to pay appropriate compensation," a Foreign Office spokeswoman said. She described the meeting as "positive and constructive." [AP]
Saturday, 13 October, 2001: The United States put so-called "rogue states" on notice Thursday that they would face "consequences" ranging from political to military if they do not stop supporting terrorists as the US-led war on extremist violence moves beyond Afghanistan. "Eventually, there will be consequences," Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage said. Armitage said Washington did appreciate the cooperation of Syria and Sudan. But he stressed that that cooperation did not equate to membership in the antiterrorism coalition. Armitage said there was no evidence that the others on the list -- Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya and North Korea -- were interested in joining the coalition. [AFP]

Friday, 12 October, 2001: A Libyan man arrested in Germany for suspected links to Osama bin Laden's terrorist network will be extradited to Italy. Police arrested Lased Ben Henin, 32, near his Munich home Wednesday in coordinated raids with Italian authorities that also included the arrest of two Tunisians in Italy. The trio were not directly connected to the Sept. 11 attacks in the U.S., but were part of a wider crackdown on Islamic militants allegedly linked to bin Laden's al-Qaida network. Italian prosecutors charged the Libyan and the two Tunisians with criminal association intended to obtain and transport arms and explosives, and supplying false documents. Ben Henin denied the charges at a hearing Thursday but waived his right to challenge extradition. [AP]
Friday, 12 October, 2001: African and European nations as diverse as Britain, Libya and Zimbabwe united Thursday to condemn international terrorism and express solidarity with the United States. In a joint statement, the 73 nations said they "consider terrorism as a common threat to all nations and express their strong determination to jointly combat this scourge in all its forms." The daylong meeting, organized by the European Union, said the September 11 attacks on the United States were "attacks on the whole of the international community and all its members of every faith and culture ... and declare their full solidarity with the United States." [AP]
Friday, 12 October, 2001: Daewoo Construction said it recently received the third installment for construction work due from Libya amounting to US$9.25 million. Proceeds from the company's construction project total US$230.6 million and with the receipt of the third installment, it still has US$202 million remaining to be paid. The construction firm has completed US$8 billion worth of construction projects in Libya since 1978 but has not been able to collect construction proceeds due to the United Nations' economic restrictions on Libya. Libya made a pledge to the company in March that the country will pay US$9.95 million every month for the next 22 months. [Asia Pulse]
Friday, 12 October, 2001: The secretary of the foreign relations department at the Libyan general people's congress Suleiman al-Shahoumi on Tuesday evening discussed with member of the Canadian Senate, who is also the chairman of the Canadian- Arab parliamentary society means of strengthening fields of contacts and exchanging views between the Libyan people's general congress and the Canadian parliament. [Arabic News]
Friday, 12 October, 2001: South Africa will be asked to send troops to protect exiled Burundian leaders who return to their war-wracked country to join a transitional government, Nelson Mandela said Thursday. Speaking after a meeting of African leaders and rebel groups, Mandela also said Burundi's political parties had agreed on the legal framework for the transitional government. The meeting was attended by the leaders of Gabon, Congo, Uganda, Tanzania and Burundi and representatives of Ghana, Malawi, Rwanda and Libya. [AP]
Thursday, 11 October, 2001: Police in Italy and Germany have arrested three suspected Islamic militants believed to have planned armed attacks with Osama bin Laden. Those arrested in Italy were Tunisians and in Germany a Libyan. The man arrested in Germany was considered to be the leader of those seized on Wednesday. The 50-page arrest warrant says he had had direct contacts with bin Laden, including telephone calls between March and April which were taped by investigators. During some of the calls they discussed an imminent attack. "Soon something major will happen," a judicial official told Reuters, quoting one of the taped conversations. [Reuters]
Thursday, 11 October, 2001: Under U.S. pressure, Yemen has deported hundreds of former guerrilla fighters in Afghanistan. Two passenger jets roared away from Sana two weeks ago packed with hundreds of the so-called Afghan Arabs who settled in Yemen. The jets flew to undisclosed destinations, but officials said their goal was to send the guerrillas back to their countries of origin: Algeria, Libya, Syria, Iraq and other Arab nations. [LA Times]
Thursday, 11 October, 2001: Oumou Sy, the owner of Senegal's first cyber-cafe was released on bail last week following her arrest in connection with an alleged international sex ring. She had spent the past four weeks at the prison facility in the Liberte Six district of Dakar, accused of procuring prostitutes to be brought to Libya. Sy's lawyers deny all charges. But the authorities are still investigating Sy's involvement in the recruitment of over 100 Senegalese models, hired to take part in a fashion show in Tripoli before Libyan leader Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. [IPS]
Wednesday, 10 October, 2001: Irish police have revealed more details about the four men who were arrested in Ireland; the first man is aged 39, originally from Libya but with an Irish passport. He has lived in Ireland for 20 years and was arrested at his home in Ballinteer where he lives with his wife and children. He is suspected of fund-raising for al-Qaida and other terrorist groups through his involvement with Islamic charity groups. The second man is 26, from Algeria. He was arrested in Rathmines and has relatives in custody abroad on suspicion of an attempt to bomb Los Angeles during the Millennium celebrations. The third man is 24, from Libya. He was arrested in Tallaght and is an associate of another man now in custody in Holland. The fourth man, 31, again from Libya, was also arrested in Tallaght and is being questioned. []
Wednesday, 10 October, 2001: Irish police say they have detained four men as part of an investigation into the activities of "international terrorist groups". Police did not comment on whether the arrests were directly related to the September 11 attacks on the United States. State broadcaster RTE said on Tuesday that three of the men were Libyans and the fourth Algerian. A police spokesman said only that they were aged between 24 and 39 and were arrested in south Dublin early on Tuesday. RTE said the men were arrested by officers from the Middle Eastern section of Ireland's Special Detective Unit, and that money and documents were seized. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 10 October, 2001: Militant Muslim organisations in South Africa have come under renewed scrutiny from South African and US intelligence services following the September 11 attacks in the US. Among information being probed by intelligence services are allegations that the militant group "Pagad" is being financed by Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. Senior Pagad members had reportedly met him recently in Zimbabwe. Pagad spokesman Abidah Roberts said the organisation declined to comment on the allegations since it had instituted a "complete moratorium" on providing any comment following the attacks of September 11. [News24]
Wednesday, 10 October, 2001: Honorary President of the Social Democrats Movement Vassos Lyssarides said that his visit to Libya last week and his meeting with Libyan President Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi to whom he conveyed a message from Cyprus President Clerides, were "particularly successful." Lyssarides visited Libya as Clerides' special envoy to convey the presidential message as part of a campaign aimed to avert any move by Islamic countries to recognise the illegal regime in the areas of the Cyprus Republic Turkish-occupied since 1974. [CNA]
Tuesday, 9 October, 2001: South Africa's President Thabo Mbeki on Sunday defended his country's close ties with Libya, despite criticism of its relationship with Tripoli after suicide attacks on the U.S. last month. "It's not a very honest criticism, because apart from the US, I don't know any country in the world which doesn't have relations with Libya," Mbeki said on SABC public television's Newsmaker programme. Libya has slowly begun to return to the international fold since 1999 when the U.N. suspended sanctions against Tripoli after it handed over two suspects in the 1988 bombing of a Pan Am passenger airliner over Lockerbie, Scotland. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 9 October, 2001: Italian firm Agip is launching into the main engineering and construction contract phase of its $5.5 billion West Libya gas project, embarking on clarification talks and fresh negotiations with bidders for all the main packages. First production is expected in 2004 from the project, which includes development of a complex of onshore and offshore fields, a treatment plant at Melitah and lengthy pipelines, one of which is a 540-kilometre undersea line to Sicily. Bidders for the offshore facilities were in Rome this week for talks with Agip. [World Oil]
Tuesday, 9 October, 2001: Speaking during his party's fund-raising dinner in Lusaka, on Friday, Zambia's Heritage Party leader Brig. Godfrey Miyanda dismissed rumours that he had received funds from Libyan President Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi who is perceived to be his close friend. "I am aware of this persisting rumour, even in my Christian circles where people are saying I have received money from Qadhafi who they say is my friend," Miyanda said. " I don't know the man. I have never met him. There are rumours that I met him when he was here and promised to buy a helicopter. Anyway if he can provide that helicopter I can use it." [The Post]

Monday, 8 October, 2001: The head of Libya's foreign intelligence service, expelled from Britain 21 years ago for publicly backing the murders of exiled dissidents, returned to London last week for meetings with MI6. Musa Kusa, now head of Tripoli's external security organisation, said in June 1980 that he "approved" of a decision by Libya's revolutionary committees to kill two people in Britain. On Wednesday, Mr Kusa's delegation met members of MI6, Britain's foreign intelligence service, to discuss sharing information on terrorist suspects from the Fighting Islamic Group (FIG). The FIG, whose principal aim is to topple Col Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, has claimed responsibility for two attempts on the Libyan leader's life, in 1995 and 1998. [The Telegraph]
Monday, 8 October, 2001: A Libyan intelligence official was welcomed in London last week by the Foreign Office as part of the coalition against terrorism. Musa Kusa, head of Libya's external security organisation, held talks with MI6 and the Central Intelligence Agency. Mohammed Azwai, the Libyan ambassador in London, said Kusa had handed over a list of more than a dozen Libyans operating in Britain suspected of links to Osama Bin Laden. [The Sunday Times]
Monday, 8 October, 2001: The FBI is offering a $5 million reward for information leading to the arrest of Anas al-Liby, a 37-year-old computer specialist linked to the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in East Africa. Until last year, al-Liby was not so hard to find. A member of a radical Libyan Islamic group opposed to Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, he was living quietly in Manchester, waiting for a decision on political asylum. Al-Liby split with bin Laden in 1995 and joined other Libyans in an anti-Gaddafi faction known as the Libyan [Fighting] Islamic Group. According to the FBI's Web site, al-Liby was granted political asylum in Britain. British officials, however, say that his immigration status was never determined. [The Washington Post]
Sunday, 7 October, 2001: The Bush administration warned Saturday that the leftist Sandinista party in Nicaragua, which hopes to return to power in elections next month, has maintained ties over the years with Iraq and Libya. In addition to Iraq and Libya, both listed by the administration as terrorist countries, the Sandanistas also have maintained contact with the leftist FARC rebels in Colombia and the ETA separatist movement in Spain, U.S. State Department spokeswoman Eliza Koch said. Both groups are on the State Department's list of terrorist organizations. [AP]
Saturday, 6 October, 2001: After a week of speeches from a record 167 countries, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan said Friday that it's clear all nations of the world have come together to fight terrorism. But he stressed that the General Assembly debate was just the beginning of an international campaign to eliminate "the scourge of terrorism," and said every nation must now start taking action. There was almost universal solidarity with the United States except Libya and Iraq, which accused the U.S. government of state-sponsored terrorism. [AP]
Saturday, 6 October, 2001: Zimbabwe is to pay a heavy price for loans from Libya with farms, hotels and oil installations pledged to Colonel Qadhafi's regime as payment for his help. The Libyans, who recently provided a US$90 million line of credit to supply fuel to Zimbabwe, have cast their eyes on stakes in two financial institutions and a major hotel group as well as oil facilities and land as payment, government sources reveal. The Libyans also want to run safari operations, specifically designed for rich Arab tourists who want to come to Zimbabwe to shoot game. "What this does is to set up a little Libya in Zimbabwe because these guys want to come in a big way," a source close to the arrangements said. [The Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 6 October, 2001: Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi is expected to attend Uganda's 39th national independence celebrations at Kololo Airstrip on Tuesday, the minister for the presidency, Prof. Gilbert Bukenya, has said. Bukenya said, "Qadhafi, among other guests, is likely to attend the celebrations although his attendance is not yet confirmed." [New Vision]
Saturday, 6 October, 2001: The President of the Republic of Cyprus has appointed Dr Vassos Lyssarides as Special Representative on a series of missions to the member countries of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference. Dr Lyssarides will be meeting with Libya's leader, Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, to whom he will convey a presidential message with the aim of Libya taking the initiative, in the context of the forthcoming Islamic Conference, for the prevention of new Turkish efforts for the recognition of Mr Denktash's separative "regime". [HR-Net]
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Friday, 5 October, 2001: German prosecutors said on Thursday that Libya was behind the deadly 1986 bombing of a Berlin discotheque frequented by US soldiers and requested life sentences for four people accused of involvement in the attack. The April 5, 1986, bombing of the La Belle discotheque killed two US soldiers and a Turkish woman and injured over 200 people, many of them US servicemen. Chief prosecutor Detlev Mehlis said the involvement of the Libyan government in the attack "had been confirmed without a doubt". "I believe that the court must and will say this clearly". He asked the court to go beyond convicting the defendants and specifically say Libya was behind the attack. [AFP]

Thursday, 4 October, 2001: Libya's state media have accused Britain of sheltering terrorists and urged the U.S. to make a prime target of its old ally. "A large number of terrorists in Britain eat, drink and sleep under the protection of the British authorities," Al-Jamahiriya newspaper wrote in an editorial on Tuesday. "If the American target is terrorist shelters, then Britain must be the first target because it protects and shelters (terrorists)," the editorial added. "We have the complete information, including names and addresses." The newspaper did not identify the terrorists, but it was presumed to be referring to Libyan dissidents who live in Britain. [Sapa/AP]
Thursday, 4 October, 2001: U.S. representatives met with Libyan and British official Wednesday to discuss remaining obligations Tripoli needs to fill under U.N. resolutions relating to the 1988 bombing of a Pan Am 103 jet. U.S. State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said Wednesday, "We think that following the September 11 attacks, it is more important than ever for Libya to comply with U.N. Security Council obligations." He said the meeting was "part of a series of trilateral discussions that have occurred following the verdict in the Pan Am 103 trial." [UPI]
Thursday, 4 October, 2001: Libyan Leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi is prepared to give his qualified support to the U.S.-led war on international terrorism, Spanish Foreign Minister Josep Piqu‚ said as he wrapped up a three-nation tour of North Africa. "Libya would like to support the struggle against terror but has certain reservations about the content and nature of the actions that may be taken and has some very particular points of view concerning the military response to the terrorists," Piqu‚ said late Tuesday. He made the remarks following over two hours of "useful and constructive" conversations in a Bedouin tent erected inside a military compound near Sirte, 500 kilometers (300 miles) east of Tripoli, where the Libyan leader spends much of his time. [EFE]
Thursday, 4 October, 2001: Final arguments begin Thursday in the trial of five people charged with the 1986 bombing of a Berlin discotheque frequented by US soldiers and for which Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi is blamed. The attack on the La Belle discotheque in April 5, 1986 in what was then West Berlin killed two US soldiers and a Turkish woman and injured over 200 people, many of them US soldiers. US president Reagan responded 10 days later with reprisal air bombing raids against Libya. The prosecution has accused the Libyan secret service of ordering the Berlin attack. Mesbah Eter, a former employee of the Libyan embassy in East Berlin, told the court last September that his native land, Libya, was responsible for the attack. [AFP]
Wednesday, 3 October, 2001: Arab nations on Tuesday pledged to eradicate terrorism but demanded independence for Palestinians, whom they called "victims of modern terrorism." The debate came during the second day of a weeklong session of the U.N. General Assembly to discuss terrorism after the Sept. 11 attacks in the US. The 22-member Arab Group, chaired by Libya's U.N. Ambassador Abuzed Omar Dorda, supported international efforts to eliminate terrorism but said it wanted an end to the "terrorism practiced by (Israeli) occupation forces" against Palestinians, Lebanese and Syrians. "Occupation is equal to terrorism; in fact, it is one of its ugliest forms," Dorda said. The Libyan envoy also accused the United States of committing terrorism against Libyans with its airstrikes in 1986, noting that civilians were killed. [AP]
Wednesday, 3 October, 2001: Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi warned Tuesday against taking "hasty steps" to fight terrorism and said the United States does not need help from other countries to avenge the Sept. 11 suicide attacks in New York and Washington. In an article attributed to Qadhafi that was published on the Internet, he said that the United States "does not need anyone to defend itself" and noted that "combating terrorism requires international cooperation and it is not logical to charge the U.S. with such a mission." "Are we preparing to defend the U.S. and help it take revenge, or adopting an international program to combat terrorism?" he asked, adding, "We did not agree on a specific definition of terrorism. What could be terrorism against me may be a desirable act to you when I am against you." [UPI]
Wednesday, 3 October, 2001: The Arab League has welcomed the decision taken by the UN Security Council to lift the sanctions imposed on Sudan by the majority of 14 voted and the abstention of one (the USA). The secretary general of the Arab League (AL) Amr Moussa expressed his hope that the UN Security Council will take the same attitude towards Libya by immediately and definitely lift the sanctions imposed on it after Libya fulfilled all its obligations stated by UN Security Council resolutions concerned. [Arabic News]
Tuesday, 2 October, 2001: In a ceremony held in Charleston, West Virginia, 67 men and women from all over the world who have struggled and studied to become citizens of the United States were pledged today to bear arms and perform civilian duties in defense of the US. The group, which included natives of Pakistan, Iran, Libya, Syria and Lebanon, took the oath to defend the US and its Constitution. [Daily Mail]
New Libyan website :

Monday, 1 October, 2001: Several U.S. lawmakers have advocated putting standard political arguments aside to reward those who side with Washington. "We need to reward those countries that cooperate with us in fighting terrorism and punish those countries that don't," Senator Mitch McConnell has said. But as of now, political and security concerns can only go so far. Some lawmakers start squirming in discomfort when the talk turns to lifting the sanctions on Iran. "We are very concerned about ... reaching out to Iran, Syria or Libya to get their support for this campaign," said Democratic Representative Tom Lantos' press aide. [AFP]

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