Libya:
News and Views [ November 2001 ]


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Friday, 30 November, 2001: An epidemic in the Libyan agricultural region of Sahl Al-Jafara has destroyed tens of thousands of chicken, the local daily "AL-Shams" reported. The "newcastle" virus, which generally destroys poultry and propagates through natural agents such as water, air and feed, caused the epidemic. The Board of Animal Resources director, veterinarian Mabruk Al-Mirwas, said the disease is not "a great hazard" to human health in case of consumption of infected meat. However, he said the symptoms for human beings are fever, irritation of eyes and adverse reactions that could last for one week. [PANA]
Friday, 30 November, 2001: A senior Libyan official has said that Tripoli had once asked Interpol to arrest Osama Bin Laden, but that Western countries objected to the request. "When we requested from Interpol the arrest of Osama Bin Laden, it was the Western countries which defended him, and they considered him a great holy warrior", Tripoli's Secretary of African Unity Ali al-Triki told Al-Hayat daily in remarks published Thursday. Former US president "Ronald Reagan at a certain time classified (Bin Laden) as a 'freedom fighter' because he fought Communists, and today he becomes a terrorist leader," Triki said. [AFP]
Friday, 30 November, 2001: Libya's Secretary of African Unity Ali al-Triki told Al-Hayat daily in remarks published Thursday that Libya and other Arab countries had cooperated with the West during the struggle against terrorism, and that they had submitted "names and detailed lists" to Western countries, in particular to Britain. However, human rights groups argue that dissidents are likely to face torture, military tribunals or other violations of their rights if they are returned to their home countries. Amnesty International said that "Several people who had been forcibly returned to Libya have reportedly been tortured and killed by the security forces." [AFP]
Friday, 30 November, 2001: Libya's training centre for scouts this week held a national training day on the protection of turtles and the environment along the country's 2000-km Mediterranean Sea coast. Seventy trainees from Zwara, Zawia, Sabrata, Sruman, Tripoli, Souk Al-Jomaa and Misurata attended the session, in Jouddayim, 30km west of Tripoli. The Libyan environmental board in cooperation with the scout movement organised the workshop. [PANA]
Friday, 30 November, 2001: A Zimbabwean newspaper reported Thursday, quoting government sources, that a Libyan bank had bought a five percent stake in one of the Zimbabwe's biggest banks. The Financial Gazette said the Libyan Arab Foreign Bank had bought 20 million shares of the Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe, in which the government was one of the biggest shareholders. The bank has brokered and financed most trade deals between Libya and Zimbabwe. [PANA]

The home of "Libyan Relief Fund" : http://www.relief-fund.org

Thursday, 29 November, 2001: The AIDS epidemic is spreading rapidly in Eastern Europe and Asia and it is threatening regional stability in Africa, according to a report by UNAIDS and the World Health Organization. The AIDS Epidemic Update 2001 was released Wednesday in anticipation of World AIDS Day on December 1. In most countries in the Middle East and North Africa, HIV prevalence is low, the report notes. However, increasing numbers of new cases are being detected in several countries, including Iran, Libya and Pakistan. [Reuters]
Thursday, 29 November, 2001: South Africa's Apartheid-era germ warfare expert Dr Wouter Basson was accused by the State on Tuesday of changing his version as hard evidence against him emerged in his trial. Arguing on fraud charges against Basson senior prosecutor Anton Ackermann, said Basson's claim that he had formed a vast group of local and overseas companies on behalf of Libyan, East German and Russian principals was a fabrication. [SAPA]
Thursday, 29 November, 2001: A summit aimed at resolving the crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) will be held on 3 Dec., in Khartoum, Sudan. Expected to attend are the heads of state of the CAR, Chad, Gabon, Libya and Sudan, as well as UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's Representative to the CAR, the secretary-general of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States and a representative of the Organisation of African Unity. [IRIN]
Wednesday, 28 November, 2001: A charitable foundation run by Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's son has asked the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross to help it repatriate Afghan Arabs loyal to terror suspect Osama bin Laden to their home countries. In a letter Monday to U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the ICRC, the Qadhafi Foundation said cooperation among the three organizations was required "because of the lack of trust between the northern alliance and the Arab Afghans and other foreigners." "We call on you to help facilitate our mission for the repatriation of Arab Afghans and foreigners to their countries, especially following reports that some of them have no ties to terrorism and now live a very hard life," said the organization, chaired by Saif el-Islam al-Qadhafi. [AP]
Wednesday, 28 November, 2001: The head of the 22-member Arab League said on Tuesday that Arabs would not stand for any attack on Iraq as an extension of the U.S. "war on terrorism". Amr Moussa, secretary-general of the Arab League, was speaking a day after U.S. President Bush demanded Baghdad let international arms inspections resume or face unspecified consequences. "We do not accept striking Iraq or any other Arab country," Moussa said. There have been concerns in the region that Washington might launch strikes against Arab countries such as Sudan, Libya, Iraq and Syria. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 27 November, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi discussed Arab efforts to combat terrorism and end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict in talks with President Mubarak in Tripoli Sunday. Egypt's Information Minister Safwat el-Sherif said the two leaders shared the same vision on "tracking perpetrators of terrorism on an international level, especially since both countries have suffered from terrorist acts." Egypt and Libya have strongly condemned the September attacks. But Libya remains on the US list of "state sponsors of terrorism". [Reuters]
Tuesday, 27 November, 2001: U.S. President Bush warned Iraq and North Korea there would be consequences for producing weapons of mass destruction. "I think what the president was referring to is the obvious and well-known fact that Iraq and North Korea are already listed on the State Department list of nations that sponsor terrorism," White House spokesman Ari Fleischer said. Bush did not mention the list, which includes Iran, Sudan, Cuba, Libya and Syria. [AP]
Tuesday, 27 November, 2001: Italy's ambassador to Saudi Arabia has converted to Islam, the second time in seven years that an envoy of of Rome to the land of Mecca has adopted its religion. Following postings in Sudan, Syria, Iraq and Libya, he took over the embassy in Riyadh in October last year. [Reuters]

Monday, 26 November, 2001: Libya Sunday condemned a one-year extension of the ban by Washington on using a US passport to travel to Libya, calling it a move that made "no sense." This decision proves "the insistence of the US administration on having recourse to boycott measures" in its relations with other counries, with "no regard for international rules," foreign ministry spokesman Hassuna al-Shawesh told AFP. He said the move made "no sense", particularly as "Libyan towns are safer than American towns." Shawesh said Tripoli has already asked the current US administration to cancel this measure, "particularly given the reciprocal desire of either side to establish relations which serve the interests of both countries.". [AFP]
Monday, 26 November, 2001: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak arrived in Libya Sunday evening and met his Libyan counterpart Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. The two leaders broached "bilateral relations and the international situation," Egyptian Information Minister Safuat al-Sherif told reporters. They also discussed "the situation in the Middle East" and agreed "that a just and comprehensive peace cannot be made without the Palestinians obtaining their rights," Sherif said. Mubarak had met in Egypt with Palestinian leader Arafat earlier Sunday. [AFP]
Monday, 26 November, 2001: A former assistant coach at small colleges in Michigan, Florida and Louisiana was paid to help secure athletic scholarships for Yugoslavian basketball players, the Dayton Daily News reported Sunday. The newspaper said that families in Yugoslavia have given Vladimir Bosnjak hundreds and sometimes thousands of dollars. "They are taking advantage of our system to make money," said Bill Bradshaw, the president of the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics. Bosnjak is now in Libya coaching the national team. [AP]
Sunday, 25 November, 2001: Iraq tops the lists of countries where the U.S. might take its war on terrorism next. Some other places - Somalia, Sudan, Kashmir - could also face military attacks if bin Laden flees there. Beyond that, America's next steps probably won't involve bombing runs. Instead, U.S. officials will work with police and armies to find suspects and urge governments to end support of terrorists. Countries such as Iran, Syria and Libya support terror but they have proved useful in pursuing bin Laden, and thus aren't seen as likely U.S. targets. [Daily News]
Sunday, 25 November, 2001: Libyan sources say that American and Libyan officials held three secret meetings since the September 11 attacks. The first meeting was held through the mediation of the Swiss embassy in Tripoli. In the meeting, FBI agents asked Libyan intelligence for information about Al-Qaeda and three Palestinian organizations. Libya's cooperation in that first meeting led to a series of further meetings early in October in the Vienna Intercontinental Hotel. The most important one was that held in Room 314 of the Intercontinental, where a senior CIA operative met with Mohammed Thabet Alojeil. Another meeting brought together Ahmed Abdulkarim with representatives of three major US oil companies. [The Daily Star]
Saturday, 24 November, 2001: U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell on Friday extended restrictions on travel by Americans to Libya. State Department spokesman Philip Reeker said the extension was based on an assessment of the current security environment. The restriction bars use of U.S. passports to travel to, in or through Libya unless an exception is made. The extension was announced hours before a midnight deadline. It has been in effect since Dec. 11, 1981. [AP]
Saturday, 24 November, 2001: The European Confederation of Iron and Steel Industries filed a complaint with the European Commission about alleged dumping of hot-rolled coil steel on the EU markets by producers from Egypt, Iran, Libya, Slovakia, Turkey and Hungary. [Reuters]

Friday, 23 November, 2001: The representative of Libya to the United Nations told the General Assembly as it took up consideration of assistance in mine action that "the Ottawa Convention lacked language referring to the legal responsibility of States that had planted mines. It also lacked provisions for compensation to affected countries. Mines should be cleared and their victims compensated by those who had planted them." He said Libya had reached agreement with Italy over mines laid in World War II. Other countries should follow suit. [M2]
Thursday, 22 November, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi asked the head of the Afghan northern alliance, Burhanuddin Rabbani, that Arab and foreign guerrillas fighting alongside Taliban be handed to their governments to try them, the official news agency JANA reported Wednesday. It said Qadhafi, who spoke to Rabbani by telephone, also said that a Libyan charity working in Afghanistan was ready to take charge of the foreign fighters while Taliban militiamen besieged by the alliance be treated as prisoners of war under U.N. supervision. [AP]
Thursday, 22 November, 2001: Libyan secretary for foreign affairs Abdulrahman Shalgam has expressed Libya's readiness to cooperate in the area of fighting terrorism. In a statement to the London- based al-Hayat daily issued on Monday Shalgam stressed Libya's readiness to co-operate in implementing the UN security council resolution to fight terrorism. [Arabic News]
Thursday, 22 November, 2001: Libya's daily, Al-Shams, in its Wednesday issue, denounced the incoherence in the economic choices made by Arab countries in an ever changing world fraught with the exigencies of globalisation. "Whether the Arab countries join the World Trade Organisation or not, they cannot in any way resist for long in the face of the economic flows from outside," Al-Shams adds, warning the Arab countries against their incoherent policies. [PANA]
Thursday, 22 November, 2001: France Tuesday criticized Washington's approach to control of biological weapons, which rejects verification measures and singles out several states as major violators of an international convention. "The approach expressed by U.S. representative John Bolton is not ours," said Francois Rivasseau, spokesman for the French Foreign Ministry. U.S. Under Secretary of State John Bolton Monday singled out North Korea, Iraq, Iran, Libya and Syria of violating the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention. [Xinhua]
Thursday, 22 November, 2001: The closest aide and top foreign affairs adviser to the German chancellor, Gerhard Schroder, quit yesterday, following an incident in which he swore at army officers and ordered them to bring him caviar. Mr Steiner got into hot water in May this year for leaking a sensitive memo on talks between Mr Schroder and the US president, George Bush. He also said that Mr Bush had told him of a conversation with Mu'ammar al-Qadhafy during which the Libyan leader admitted Libya's involvement in the explosion of the Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie and the bombing of a Berlin nightclub in the 1980s. [The Guardian]
Wednesday, 21 November, 2001: The deputy head of the Libyan intelligence agency has been put under house arrest, Al-Hayat newspaper has reported. The report said sources close to the Libyan government had confirmed that Abdallah al-Senoussi had been detained together with several other Libyan intelligence officials. Two years ago, Mr Senoussi was sentenced to life imprisonment by a French court for his part in the bombing of a French airliner over Niger in 1989. The newspaper quoted informed sources as saying the move was indicative of closer co-operation in the fight against terrorism between Tripoli and Washington. [BBC]
Wednesday, 21 November, 2001: U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell's speech detailing the U.S. policy regarding peace in the Middle East was not only "disappointing" but "a return to point zero," a Libyan newspaper said Tuesday. Al-Zahf al-Akhdar, published by Libya's Revolutionary Committees, said Powell's speech on Monday ignored the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homeland as approved by the U.N., and failed to address Israel's "weapons of mass destruction, (Jewish) settlements and (Palestinian) prisoners" held in Israeli jails. [UPI]
Wednesday, 21 November, 2001: Libya's director of environmental resources and urban planning, Dr Htewish Faraj Htewish held talks in Tripoli Tuesday with Safyan Al-Tal, a visiting UNDP environmental official. The two officials discussed ways of enhancing co-operation and harmonising their positions on environmental matters at international level and implementing joint actions. They also reviewed Libya's various activities and programmes aimed at curbing pollution and protecting the environment and natural resources. [PANA]
Wednesday, 21 November, 2001: Reaching out to the world's Muslims, U.S. President Bush hosted a Ramadan break-the-fast dinner Monday at the White House. Several senior officials in the administration attended the event. Also in attendance were ambassadors and diplomats from throughout the Muslim world, including the Syrian ambassador and the chief representative of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Libya, Iran and Iraq did not send representatives. [AP]
Tuesday, 20 November, 2001: Commenting about the developments in Afghanistan, the Libyan newspaper "Al-Shams" said that "the war waged by the Mujaheddin has generated individuals who have exported explosives and have now returned home to accuse their mothers of adultery and call their families disbelievers." The paper said that each Afghan is free to proclaim an Emir (prince) of the Afghans. "But we refuse to let anyone describe himself as the Emir of the believers". The latter was the title carried by Taliban leader Mullah Omar. [PANA]
Tuesday, 20 November, 2001: Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's idea to set up a committee of elders at world level, comprising former Heads of State, has registered favourable reactions, official sources said in Tripoli Monday. The committee of elders would regroup former presidents Mandela (South Africa), Carter (US) and Gorbachev (Russia), the Libyan News Agency (JANA) said. It said Col. Qadhafi, who has since informed the UN Secretary General about the idea, expressed the hope that the committee would start its work soon." [PANA]
Tuesday, 20 November, 2001: Spanish oil company Repsol said yesterday it was negotiating contract terms for a Libyan oil exploration package which has been hotly contested by foreign oil firms. "We are negotiating a possible contract. The timing and all of that is confidential," Emilio Carro, managing director for Repsol in Libya said. He said he hoped negotiations with Libya's National Oil Company would be concluded by the middle of next year. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 20 November, 2001: The United States Monday accused Iraq, North Korea and possibly Iran of violating an international treaty banning weapons of germ warfare and said Syria and Libya might be able to produce biological weapons. U.S. Under-Secretary for Arms Control and International Security John Bolton said that Washington believed North Korea had developed and produced and may have weaponized germ warfare agents, while Syria and Libya could be capable of producing small quantities and Sudan had displayed interest in doing so. [Reuters]
Monday, 19 November, 2001: Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and the UN secretary general Kofi Annan have discussed by telephone issues related to the latest developments in the Central African Republic. Official sources said that Annan underscored the necessity to send African troops to consolidate security and stability in that troubled country. [PANA]
Monday, 19 November, 2001: Libya and Benin today signed minutes to reinforce cooperation within the framework of bolstering relations between the two countries. The minutes were signed by Libya's secretary for African Unity and the Beninese energy minister. The minutes provide for joint bilateral action to boost cooperation in the fields of oil, energy and mining. [BBC-MS]
Sunday, 18 November, 2001: The son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi insisted a German court was wrong to rule Libya had played a part in a bomb attack on a Berlin nightclub in April 1986, the weekly newsmagazine Focus said on Saturday. "In no way was the Libyan government or the leaders behind this terrible event," Saif al-Islam was quoted by Focus as saying. A Berlin court said on Tuesday Libya was partly to blame for the deadly attack on the nightclub as it convicted a former Libyan diplomat and three others of murder and attempted murder. Saif rebuffed suggestions that Libya should compensate the victims of the Berlin attack. "Who has paid the fishermen killed (by the subsequent U.S. strikes) and who compensated for the 41 dead and 226 injured Libyans after the bomb attacks by the Americans on Tripoli and Benghazi? No one. So no compensation should be expected from our side,'' Saif said. [Reuters]
Saturday, 17 November, 2001: Sierra Leonean President Ahmad Kabbah is paying a two-day official visit to Libya. Kabbah left Freetown Thursday at the invitation of the Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. Kabbah was accompanied by Economic and Development Minister Khadi Sesay, Foreign Minister Ahmad Dumbuya and the Commissioner for Reconstruction and Reintegration Kanja Sesay, aboard a special plane provided by the Libyan President. [PANA]
Saturday, 17 November, 2001: Sudan's foreign minister welcomed the lifting of U.N. sanctions and urged the world body to review its embargoes on other nations, including Iraq and Libya. Addressing the U.N. General Assembly on Thursday, Mustafa Osman said the ending of the sanctions has allowed Sudan "to continue its cooperation with the international community." [AP]

Friday, 16 November, 2001: The Muslim holy month of Ramadan will start Friday in Libya, the official JANA news agency reported. Ramadan is the ninth month in Islam's lunar calendar when Muslims believe God revealed the holy Koran to the Prophet Mohammad. Ramadan is a month of fasting and abstinence from dawn to dusk, and of prayer and charity, but also of family gatherings and feasting after the sun slips below the horizon. [AFP]
Friday, 16 November, 2001: The Libyan leader, Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, has accused the Afghan anti-Taleban fighters of behaving as ruthlessly as their hard-line enemies since entering Kabul. In a letter to the Northern Alliance leader, Burhanuddin Rabbani, Colonel Qadhafi said the world's media had shown scenes of anti-Taleban fighters executing prisoners, shooting dead surrendering soldiers and humiliating elderly people - all of which are opposed to Islamic principles. [BBC]
Friday, 16 November, 2001: Libya's finance minister, Al-Ajili Brini, remained free 10 days after being sentenced to one-year in prison for corruption, official sources confirmed Wednesday. Brini appeared on state television Wednesday relaxed and smiling at a meeting on the budget for the popular committees. A special state court had sentenced him to prison for one year on November 4 for "negligence in carrying out his duties." But an appeals court granted him his freedom and his right to keep his official responsibilities, while he contests the recent verdict. [AFP]
Friday, 16 November, 2001: Libya last Tuesday became a signatory of the Treaty banning all nuclear tests (TICE), official sources in Tripoli announced. Speaking at an international conference in New York on nuclear issues, Foreign minister Abderrahman Shalgam said Libya would soon see to all the legal formalities related to TICE. He said Libya's adherence to the treaty was indicative of its people's will to strengthen peace and security around the world. [PANA]
Friday, 16 November, 2001: Libya's African Unity ministry on Tuesday held a meeting during which an inventory of the country's co-operation and investment programmes in Africa was made. Since 1998, Libya has trebled its investments in Africa, estimated at several billion US dollars. Tuesday's meeting was attended by Libyan secretary of the people's general committee, Abdallah al-Shamekh, the secretaries of people's committees, their deputies and officials in the sectors of information, electricity, oil and gas, foreign investment and infrastructure. [PANA]
Friday, 16 November, 2001: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries will cut its output by 1.5 million barrels of oil a day effective Jan. 1, but only if non-OPEC weighs in with a 500,000 b/d output cut as well, Secretary General Ali Rodriguez said Wednesday. When asked what action OPEC would take if non-OPEC countries didn't cut, Libya's de facto Oil Minister Abdal-Hafid Zletni said OPEC would have to deal with that at the time, although he said Libya wouldn't be prepared to cut if non-OPEC didn't cooperate. [Dow Jones]
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Thursday, 15 November, 2001: Central African Republic President Patasse warned his political foes Wednesday against "terrorism" and fiercely rejected their demand for the withdrawal of "Libyan occupation troops". Earlier Wednesday, the parliamentary opposition in Bangui demanded the withdrawal from CAR of "Libyan occupation troops", referring to about 100 soldiers despatched last week by Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi to help Patasse. Patasse justified the Libyan presence as a matter of "the sovereignty of the head of state" as well as under a joint agreement in the COMESSA community of sub-Saharan states. [AFP]
Thursday, 15 November, 2001: Eight foreign aid workers held by the Taliban militia since August for preaching Christianity in Afghanistan were freed Wednesday and were headed to Pakistan, a U.S. official said. Two of the eight are Americans. A second U.S. official said they were freed as a result of military action. The disclosure came after the son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said he was confident the eight would be released soon. Seif el-Islam al-Qadhafi told The AP that his nongovernmental organization has been in touch with the Taliban for about two months in efforts to win their freedom. "I believe that the Taliban will release these people in the near future,'' he said in a statement to the AP made through Libya's consulate in Vienna. [AP]
Thursday, 15 November, 2001: Korea's Daewoo Construction today said it received a US$9.07 million payment from Libya for work completed there, the fourth such payment since March. The company said it has received a total of US$37.07 million out of the US$230.6 million uncollected construction proceeds. Under the promise made by Libya, the company will receive US$9.5 million in monthly payments for 20 months. [Asia Pulse]
Wednesday, 14 November, 2001: A Berlin court has said Libya was partly to blame for a deadly 1986 bomb attack on a nightclub packed with American soldiers as it convicted a former Libyan diplomat and three others of murder and attempted murder. Berlin state court judge Peter Marhofer said it had been proved that Libya was involved in the attack. "Libya bears at the very least a considerable portion of the responsibility for the attack," Marhofer said. He said, however, it had not been conclusively proved that Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi or other top Libyan government officials were behind it. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 14 November, 2001: The German government on Tuesday urged Libya to acknowledge its responsibility for the bomb attack on the La Belle discotheque in Berlin and make a compensation settlement with the victims. In a statement, the government noted that "Libya is seeking to join the international community." It also considers as "constructive" recent declarations by the Libyan leadership condemning international terrorism. "The federal government calls on Libya to illustrate the sincerity of its new policy by accepting its responsibility in the light of the verdict and come to a compensation agreement with the victims." [SAPA]
Wednesday, 14 November, 2001: The Libyan peoples' congress Tuesday kicked off a three-day meeting as part of the ordinary sessions in 2001. Congress members will examine the agenda focussed on Libya's external and internal policies, including several new laws on the national economy, the eradication of corruption, trade, Tripoli's relations with the outside world. [PANA]
Wednesday, 14 November, 2001: In a speech he delivered on television Tuesday to the Libyan congresses, Colonel Qadhafi called on Libyans to take advantage of the special funds put aside from the oil revenues in order to be able to use them later, in times of crisis or in the event of the depletion of stocks. Qadhafi also called on Libyans to moderate their expenses during Ramadan, recalling that indulging in abuse and waste during this sacred month of fasting is sinful. [PANA]
Tuesday, 13 November, 2001: Libya is to hold fresh talks with one of the U.S. oil firms barred since 1986 from operating in Libya, an industry source said on Monday. New head of Libya's state National Oil Corp Abdulhafid Zlitni will meet with Occidental during this week's OPEC meeting in Vienna, the source said. It is a follow-up meeting to talks early last month, when Occidental and fellow U.S. firms Conoco , Marathon and Amerada Hess , met NOC officials to discuss their Libyan oil assets, frozen for the last 15 years. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 13 November, 2001: Libya's secretary for African unity Dr. Ali al-Tureiki on Sunday in Tripoli discussed with the European Union envoy for the African continent areas of co-operation between the African federation and the European Union. Discussions also dealt with conditions in the African continent especially in Somalia and Ethiopia, achieving national reconciliation in Sudan and the efforts aiming at achieving peace in the African horn area. [Arabic News]
Tuesday, 13 November, 2001: Proceedings of the four-day 28th ordinary session of the Executive Council of the Arab Atomic Energy Agency began today in Tunis in the presence of the representatives of the member countries, including Libya, the director- general of the Arab Atomic Energy Agency and representatives of the General Secretariat of the Arab League. During the meetings, the members will discuss scientific, administrative and financial issues. [JANA]
Tuesday, 13 November, 2001: Al-Nasr still lead the Libyan first division football championships after beating Al-Mahala 2-1 last weekend. 1. Al-Nasr (19 points) 2. Al-Ittihad (16) 3. Al-Tahaddi (15) 4. Al-Madina (13) 5. Al-Hilal and Rafik (12) 6. Al-Sawaed and Al-Mourouje (10) 7. Olympic (8) 8. Swihli (7) 9. Al-Ahli (6) 10. Al-Akhdar (5) 11. Al-Thahra (4) 12. Al-Tirsana (4) [PANA]
Monday, 12 November, 2001: Former South African president Nelson Mandela made a brief visit to Tripoli Sunday during which he met Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, the official Libyan JANA agency reported. According to the agency, Mandela is working on lifting the sanctions imposed on Libya since 1992. London and Washington have insisted that, for the lifting of the sanctions to go ahead, Tripoli must accept its responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing and agree to pay compensation of more than 700 million dollars to the families of the victims. Mandela is due in Washington on Monday for a meeting with U.S. President Bush for talks on the efforts being led to encourage peace and prosperity in Africa, the White House said Friday. [AFP]
Monday, 12 November, 2001: A Libyan cargo plane Saturday left Emaitiga airport near Tripoli for Pakistan carrying a consignment of relief supplies including blankets, clothes and food destined for the people of Afghanistan. The humanitarian gesture from the Qadhafi Foundation falls within the framework of an airlift underway since last week between Tripoli and Islamabad to get relief to Afghans stricken by US-led air strikes. Volunteers of the Foundation were deployed 15 days ago in Kabul and Qandahar and in Quetta and Peshawar to bring help to the Afghani people. Speaking on state television in Libya, from Qandahar, the Foundation's representative Mohamed Ismael said the group was facing many difficulties getting supplies to Qandahar. [PANA]
Monday, 12 November, 2001: The OPEC oil cartel is set to cut output this week, but needs other key producers to help revive prices which have slumped alarmingly since September 11, Libya's oil minister said. Abdulhafid Zlitni refused to be drawn on whether Tripoli would support a production cut of up to 1.5 million barrels per day (bpd), as expected at the OPEC meeting Wednesday. "We will support the right reduction. I'm not quite sure whether 1.5 is the right one or not. This has to be discussed with our colleagues," said Zlitni. But he insisted: "It is important to stabilize the world price that OPEC producers and non-members must coordinate." [AFP]
Monday, 12 November, 2001: The U.S. State Department's new visa crackdown on residents of more than two dozen predominantly Muslim countries has the support of at least one Muslim group in the U.S. Under the new policy, residents from 26 nations, including Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Libya and Syria will be subjected to a 20 day waiting period prior to being granted permission to enter the U.S. The changes are backed by the American Muslim Council (AMC). "We support the president's campaign against the terrorists," said AMC spokesman Raymond Busch. "Although we are not in favor of civil rights being abrogated, an administrative delay of 20 days does not seem like an unreasonable interference with the obtaining of a visa." [CNS]
Sunday, 11 November, 2001: A German court will hand down its verdict Tuesday on five people accused of taking part in an anti-American bomb attack on a West Berlin disco in 1986, ending a four-year process in which Libya has appeared as the prime suspect. The prosecutor's office has asked for life imprisonment for four of the accused and an acquittal for the fifth. The prosecution has accused the Libyan state of being responsible for the bombing "at a very, very high level", saying the attack was organised with the aid of the Libyan secret service and the then Libyan ambassador in West Berlin. After the attack, the Libyan ambassador pronounced the operation "a success" in a conversation with his Tripoli masters that was taped without his knowledge. [AFP]
Sunday, 11 November, 2001: The U.S. State Department said today that it would slow the process for granting visas to young men from Arab and Muslim nations in an effort to prevent terrorist attacks. Starting next week, visa applications from 26 nations from any men 16 to 45 years old would be checked against databases maintained by the F.B.I. Countries affected by the new restriction are Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. [The New York Times]
Saturday, 10 November, 2001: Libya has asked Egypt for 1,350 teachers to come and work in its schools reported Al Bawaba. The Egyptian Ministry for External Recruitment has set tomorrow as the last day for accepting applications from potential teachers, with higher university degrees, and have at least three years of experience in teaching the fields of English, chemistry, computer and science. As of now, the ministry has received 3,000 applications. [Arab Finance]
Friday, 9 November, 2001: A four-day 5th Conference on Medical Sciences opens Friday in al-Zawia, 45-km west of the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Experts from Egypt, Tunisia, Britain, France and Libya are expected at the meeting, organised by the Libyan National Centre on Medical Research (LNCMR), under the auspices of the National Scientific Research Organisation. The Conference will address a number of medical issues. Round-tables on medical training, monitoring and drug delivery as well as an exhibition on medical books, are also planned on the fringe of the event, featuring more than 23 pharmaceutical and medical equipment Companies. [PANA]
Friday, 9 November, 2001: Saif al-Islam al-Qadhafi told Time magazine that Libya longs to send students to American universities, import U.S. wheat and medicine, invest in the lucrative oil and gas sectors and work with Washington to combat povetry and disease in Africa." In an e-mail interview with Time, Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's son, 29, said: "It is time we turned a new leaf." The main obstacle is Libya's refusal to admit involvement in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am 103, which killed 270. "Terrorism is terribly frightening," Seif al-Islam acknowledges. [Time]
Friday, 9 November, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo have discussed the unrest in the Central African Republic (CAR) in a telephone conversation, the Libyan News Agency reported on Thursday. The report said the two leaders discussed on Wednesday issues on how to consolidate security and restore legitimacy in CAR. On Thursday, the Central Africa's capital Bangui began to return to normal after five days of fighting which ended when Libyan-backed loyalists destroyed renegade troops. [Xinhua]
Friday, 9 November, 2001: A high-powered delegation arrived in Bangui Wednesday night to assess events in the Central African Republic and initiate consultations with concerned parties for the restoration of peace. The Libyan leader, Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi despatched the delegation comprising Libya's minister for African Unity, Dr Ali Triki, the Foreign Affairs Minister of Burkina Faso, Youssouf Ouedraogo, Sudan's foreign minister Mustapha Ismail, Chad's foreign minister Mohamed Nadhif and the OAU assistant Secretary General for political affairs. [PANA]
Friday, 9 November, 2001: Algeria was on top of 13 African teams participating in the 23rd African judo championship, which started in Tripoli Tuesday and ends Friday in the Libyan capital. Other teams, which sent judokas to the championship, are Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Gabon, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Tunisia, and Zambia. [PANA]
Friday, 9 November, 2001: Sudan's former head of state, Ahmed al-Mirghani, returned to Khartoum on Thursday, leaving Egypt to live in war-torn Sudan after 12 years in exile. At Khartoum airport, Mirghani told reporters he was returning to Sudan to contribute to the search for peace through the peace initiative launched by Egypt and Libya. [Reuters]
Thursday, 8 November, 2001: A six-member Libyan military delegation is currently at the Dubai 2001 air show with the aim of buying Russian Sukhoi and MiGs. The delegation said Libya is mainly interested in purchasing Sukhoi 27, but still has to work out the quantity. Alexander Klementiev, Sukhoi Aircraft Military and Industrial Complex, confirmed the Libyan interest in the Sukhois by saying: "They had shown interest in our planes but I am not sure which brand they want. They looked at Sukhoi-27 but had not told us the quantity." [Gulf News]
Thursday, 8 November, 2001: Forces loyal to Central African Republic President Patasse captured the stronghold of former army chief Bozize Wednesday after five days of fighting in the capital Bangui, the president's spokesman said. Patasse's Libyan-backed forces had captured the barracks north of the city where former army chief Bozize had been holed up since the weekend. Libyan soldiers standing guard near Patasse's residence celebrated by shooting in the air when they heard Bozize's forces had been routed, causing panic among residents. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 7 November, 2001: The chief aide of German Chancellor Schroeder met with the son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi in Berlin Tuesday for talks on "consolidating the international coalition against terrorism", the German government press office said. Saif Al-Islam al-Qadhafi told chancellery chief Frank-Walter Steinmeier that Libya condemned the September 11 attacks in the United States and was ready to work together with the international community in the fight against terrorism, the statement said. The meeting between the two men came ahead of a verdict expected on November 13 in the trial of five people charged for the bloody 1986 bombing of a Berlin discotheque. The prosecution says Libya was behind the anti-US attack. [AFP]
Wednesday, 7 November, 2001: Libyan-backed government forces went on the offensive Tuesday, attacking the barracks where the ousted army chief was believed to be holed up on the fourth day of fighting in the central African capital, Bangui. An afternoon artillery exchange at the barracks in the northwestern part of Bangui continued for about two hours, residents and soldiers said. But former army chief General Francois Bozize eluded capture. [AP]
Wednesday, 7 November, 2001: Libya is negotiating for the release of eight Western aid workers held in Afghanistan, a son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said in a report in the Wednesday edition of the German daily Tagesspiegel. The Taliban regime asked Libya to mediate before the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the U.S. and discussions have continued despite the US-led air strikes, said Saif Al-Islam al-Qadhafi. He said Tripoli had "the ear" of the Taliban because The Qadhafi Foundation "had supplied the most significant aid to the Afghan people". [AFP]
Wednesday, 7 November, 2001: Hundreds of Arab fighters suspected of links to Osama bin Laden were given citizenship by the former Afghan government whose leaders are now receiving U.S. help fighting the Taliban, according to documents shown to The Associated Press by the ruling Islamic militia. The documents show that 604 people from countries such as Algeria, Libya, Saudi Arabia and Egypt were granted Afghan citizenship in March 1993 by President Burhanuddin Rabbani. Rabbani, who was ousted by the Taliban in 1996, now heads the northern alliance. [AP]
Tuesday, 6 November, 2001: Libya sent extra troops and military equipment to the Central African Republic on Monday to bolster President Patasse against attacks by rebel soldiers. Witnesses said bursts of heavy gunfire could be heard coming from the area surrounding Patasse's residence on Monday evening, the third day of shooting in the capital partly controlled by forces loyal to the country's sacked army chief. Fighting began on Saturday after Patasse's troops tried to arrest General Francis Bozize, who was dismissed last month without explanation. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 6 November, 2001: The finance minister, a senior economic adviser and a number of Central Bank employees were convicted and sentenced to prison terms in Libya's biggest ever corruption trial, newspapers reported Monday. A total 47 defendents were found guilty in the case, connected to loans worth $300 million that were illegally given by the Central Bank to businessmen in Benghazi. Finance Minister al-Ujaili Abdel-Salam Breini was sentenced to one year in prison for negligence. Former finance minister Mohamed Bayt al-Mal was jailed for three years for damaging public property. Al-Taher al-Hadi al-Jahami, a former minister of economy and trade, was sentenced one year each for negligence and for using his official post for personal aims. He is currently chief of the General Planning Council, a government economic policy body. [AP]
Tuesday, 6 November, 2001: London-listed oil exploration and production group Soco International said on Monday it had formed a joint venture with a part Libyan-owned company which will get around U.S. sanctions barring its U.S. directors' involvement. Soco said it would hold 43 percent of the specific-purpose venture, ODEX, and Oilinvest, a private Dutch holding firm, the rest. Oilinvest is 45 percent owned by a Libyan state company. Soco is headed by two Americans -- Chief Executive Ed Story and Chief Financial Officer Roger Cagle. [Reuters]
Monday, 5 November, 2001: A Libyan court sentenced Finance Minister Al-Ajaili Brini to a one-year term and 46 others to between one and 19 years in prison for corruption, official sources said. Brini was punished for "negligence in carrying out his duties", said the special state court which had studied the case for more than a year. [AFP]
Monday, 5 November, 2001: The US may ease sanctions against Libya next year as part of a broader effort to reform a unilateral sanctions policy and in return for recent cooperation against terrorism. Libya has provided intelligence on al-Qaeda terrorist network to US government officials and has cooperated with the UN in the Lockerbie trial, said Robert Pelletreau, who was assistant US secretary of state for Near East affairs from 1994 to 1997. "The stage seems set for further progress," Pelletreau said in remarks at the US-Africa Business Summit. [Dow Jones]
Monday, 5 November, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi spoke with UN Secretary General Kofi Annan and Zambian President Chiluba on the crisis in the Central African Republic, the official JANA news agency said. The leaders discussed "the means to assure a return to calm in Bangui (the country's capital) and to reestablish security in Central Africa," JANA said. [AFP]
Monday, 5 November, 2001: About 15 teams are expected to participate in the 23rd African Judo championship starting in Tripoli, Libya on Tuesday. According to the organisers, the competition will be held in the "African Union" hall at the Tripoli sports centre. [PANA]
Sunday, 4 November, 2001: Thirty truck loads of food, medicines and blankets donated by Libya left Quetta, Pakistan, after dark Saturday for the devastated Taliban stronghold of Kandahar. "This is for the refugees not the Taliban," said Mohamad Ismail, a director of the Tripoli-based Qadhafi International Foundation for Charity Association, run by the Libyan leader's son, Saif. The convoy was expected to reach the ruined town by daybreak Sunday. [AFP]
Sunday, 4 November, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has received a high-ranking Chadian military delegation. Led by the army's Chief of Staff, Brigadier Sebi Aguid, the Chadian delegation's visit is expected to strengthen ties between the two neighbours. Reports said that Libya has been mediating for months now between the Chadian government and the rebel Movement for Democracy and Justice led by Idriss Deby's former Defence minister. [PANA]

Saturday, 3 November, 2001: U.S. oil executives' hopes of meeting Libyan representatives at an African-U.S. business summit this week were dashed because the U.S. State Department did not allow Libyans to attend the summit. "An application was indeed made by the Libyans and was turned down by the State Department," Robert Pelletreau, a former Assistant Secretary of State and U.S. Ambassador to Egypt and Tunisia, said at the summit on Thursday. [Reuters]
Saturday, 3 November, 2001: Tunisian President Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali held talks on Friday with Libyan Prime Minister Embarek al-Shamekh. Al-Shamekh said that the two sides had agreed on the necessity of speeding up the major projects they were undertaking together. These included projects concerning power grids and oil, the creation of a mixed shareholding gas company and the installation of communication cables linking Tripoli and the southern Tunisian city of Garsis. [AFP]
Saturday, 3 November, 2001: The Middle East is expected to be a principal theme of the Euro-Mediterranean Forum on the Spanish island Majorca. All the participants border, or are near, the Mediterranean Sea. The nations expected to attend are: Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Syria, Lebanon, Tunisia, Jordan and Israel. [CNN]
Saturday, 3 November, 2001: The terrorist network led by Osama bin Laden has reaped millions of dollars from the illicit sale of diamonds mined by rebels in Sierra Leone, according to U.S. and European intelligence officials. The FBI says key operatives in bin Laden's al-Qaida network worked with diamond dealers to buy gems from Revolutionary United Front rebels and sell them for large profits in Europe. The diamond dealers are selected by Ibrahim Bah, a Libyan-trained former Senegalese rebel and the RUF's principal diamond dealer. [The Washington Post]
Friday, 2 November, 2001: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said the United States should withdraw its troops from the Persian Gulf and elsewhere if it wishes to stop terrorist suspect Osama bin Laden from pursuing his goals, according to the Japanese non-governmental organization Peace Boat. In a meeting held last week in Tripoli Qadhafi told a Peace Boat mission that the presence of U.S. troops in the Persian Gulf states -- stationed since the 1991 Gulf war -- was the main reason bin Laden was able to justify his terrorist actions to his followers. Qadhafi also urged the U.S. to end its military campaign against Afghanistan. [Bernama]
Friday, 2 November, 2001: The Libyan ministry for African Unity said it was organising a socio-political conference to convene next Wednesday in Amman, Jordan. It said the meeting would review several issues concerning Arab policy as well as cultural, media, and economic and social realities of the Arab world. It would also examine regional and international issues involving relations between Arabs and the rest of the world, Arabs and Arab-African dialogue as well as the future of Arabs. [PANA]
Friday, 2 November, 2001: The World Islamic Call Society (WICS) based in the Libyan capital Tripoli started a routine disbursement of donated items as part of a humanitarian package to the needy in Gambia. Abdul-Hakim Mokhtar al-Werfelli, the head of the delegation in Gambia, told the Daily Observer yesterday that the humanitarian aid to Gambia was the result of the close relationship between Gambia and the Libyan leaders. The items being disbursed include rice, medicine and milk powder for children. Mr Werfelli further asserted that the WICS did not only provide food but also issued scholarships to Gambians to study in Libya. [The Daily Observer]
Friday, 2 November, 2001: Former British MI5 agent David Shayler has won the latest round in his legal battle to escape punishment for leaking secrets to the media. He wants the right to plead in his defence that he acted in the public interest. Mr Shayler claims he exposed security service "iniquities" - including their alleged involvement in a plot to assassinate Libyan leader Qadhafi - for the "greater good". A committee of Law Lords has now granted him permission to appeal to the House of Lords against earlier court decisions barring his public interest defence. [Sky News]
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Thursday, 1 November, 2001: Four Libyan Islamists have been expelled from the United Arab Emirates, a senior official told AFP Wednesday. Amnesty International called last month for an independent inquiry into the death of a Libyan exile detained in the UAE and noted that the whereabouts of four other Libyans remained unknown. "The men were expelled about one month ago," the official said. Amnesty named the Libyans as Ahmad Ramadhan Hussain, Ahmad Mohammad Ali Akak, Ali Bashar and Ali Amish. The official said the dead Libyan, Abdullah al-Ghazal, 39, had committed suicide in his cell. Amnesty said "Several people who had been forcibly returned to Libya have reportedly been tortured and killed by the security forces." [AFP]
Thursday, 1 November, 2001: Libya's first national conference on the environment has called for a national environment protection strategy. At the end of its deliberations in Tripoli Tuesday, the conference called for the preservation of natural resources to ensure lasting development. Environment and Urban Planning Minister Htaiwesh Faraj Htaiwesh emphasised the need to protect the environment from all forms of pollution. Experts have recommended a review of Libyan laws in order to have the power to put an end to all forms of pollution. [PANA]
Thursday, 1 November, 2001: Libya wants to join the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and will attend the upcoming WTO summit in Doha, the official Jana news agency said Wednesday. Libya will be represented at the November 9-13 Doha meeting by Economy and Trade Minister Abdel Salem Juir. Libya is "seriously studying its joining the organisation" and will set up groups to prepare an application, Jana added. [AFP]
Thursday, 1 November, 2001: Attorneys for four defendants on trial for the deadly 1986 bombing of a West Berlin discotheque frequented by US soldiers, which German prosecutors say was planned by Libya, on Wednesday pleaded not guilty to charges of murder. Lawyers for the four rejected the murder accusation and requested a reduction to charges of manslaughter or aiding and abetting the bombing. According to the defense lawyers, none of those accused played a key role in planning or carrying out the attack. [AFP]
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