The Twentieth Century has witnessed a substantial progress in the field of human rights. This is manifest in the number of conventions and treaties, which were made by the United Nations, and addressed various human rights issues. Although the early treaties and conventions were clearly addressing international relations between countries, later treaties addressed specific human rights issues, like rights of ethnic minorities, rights of stateless individuals, rights of refugees, etc…
Today, the state of human rights issues has become one of the most important issues to measure the civilisation of nations. It is no longer an internal matter, which can be addressed by the countries' own laws and regulations, but rather it has become one of the major in international relations, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a clear manifestation of the importance of human rights on the international arena.
The international community has agreed that every human being has the right to life, freedom and security, the right to peaceful gathering and to form associations and parties, the right to participate in the running of the country through clean elections, and prohibited arbitrary detentions, enforced or involuntary disappearances, torture and degrading and inhumane treatment, etc….
Though Libya is one of the countries that signed many of the international treaties and conventions on human rights issues, citizens there are deprived of the very basic of their human rights. The expectation was that Libya would make substantial progress in the construction of a modern state in accordance to what this construction would require the respect of human rights. The Libyan authorities had inherited a measure of freedom and intellectual, political, economical, social, educational, and cultural rights. These have paved the way for the authorities to make constructive progress; especially that Libya has inherent resources, which form a supporting factor in the right direction. Unfortunately this expectation was not fulfilled, and Libya has been, for many years, included in the list of states, where human rights are gravely abused, by many international and regional organisations.
And although the Libyan authorities have, in 1989, admitted broad violations to human rights and freedoms, and the declaration of 1991, called the great green document on human rights, but the many incidents during the nineties and the laws and measures which were passed (law of collective punishment passed in March 1997), all that is a cause for a grave concern on the state of human rights in Libya.
The situation calls on all those concerned about human rights to collectively strive to create general awareness among the masses of their legal rights, of which is:
· The right to life, and all that which relates to it of economical, educational, health,.., rights.
· The right to choose place of residence.
· The right to form parties, organisations, unions, and the right to join them.
· The right of freedom of expression including publications.
· The right to participate in free elections as electorate or candidate in accordance to internationally recognised democratic norms.
· The right to enjoy the assurances, which guarantee dignity, and which prevents arbitrary detention, torture, inhumane treatment, and negligence of any kind.
· The right to be tried in front of independent and just courts.
Considering all the above, the association of "Human Rights Solidarity" (hereafter referred to as HRS) is founded. The HRS is an independent non-governmental organisation, and is concerned with the state of human rights in Libya, and will help in the field of human rights all those Libyans who need that help.
Objectives of HRS:
1. Work on human rights cases in Libya and help in the field of human rights all those Libyans who need that help.
2. Co-operate with all, Libyan and International, independent organisations and associations which take the defence of human rights as its duty.
3. Organise conferences and forums to create awareness on the state of human rights in Libya.
4. Collect and publish information on the state of human rights in Libya.
5. Publish and distribute research papers, books, periodicals, and documents, which will assist in reaching the objectives of the HRS.
The HRS, as it declares its founding, stresses that its work will be a supporting and complementary one to all the works which aim to establish freedom and protect human rights. And will strive to cooperate and coordinate with all the International and Arab independent organisations and institutions, which work to protect human rights. And call on all sincere Libyans to participate in this humanitarian and independent effort, collectively, defend human rights in Libya.
The Founding Committee of HRS
Wednesday, March 15, 2000
For more information, please contact:|
E-mail: fglhrs@hotmail .com
Human Rights Solidarity
1211 Geneva 2